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Phase Change Materials (PCM) for Solar Energy Usages and Storage: An Overview

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School of Information, Systems and Modelling, Faculty of Engineering and IT, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politeknik Negeri Medan, Medan 20155, Indonesia
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School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Pertamina, Jakarta 12220, Indonesia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok 16424, Indonesia
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Biofuel Engine Research Facility (BERF), Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3167; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163167
Received: 28 July 2019 / Revised: 14 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 17 August 2019
Solar energy is a renewable energy source that can be utilized for different applications in today’s world. The effective use of solar energy requires a storage medium that can facilitate the storage of excess energy, and then supply this stored energy when it is needed. An effective method of storing thermal energy from solar is through the use of phase change materials (PCMs). PCMs are isothermal in nature, and thus offer higher density energy storage and the ability to operate in a variable range of temperature conditions. This article provides a comprehensive review of the application of PCMs for solar energy use and storage such as for solar power generation, water heating systems, solar cookers, and solar dryers. This paper will benefit the researcher in conducting further research on solar power generation, water heating system, solar cookers, and solar dryers using PCMs for commercial development. View Full-Text
Keywords: PCM; solar energy; renewable energy; energy storage PCM; solar energy; renewable energy; energy storage
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Mofijur, M.; Mahlia, T.M.I.; Silitonga, A.S.; Ong, H.C.; Silakhori, M.; Hasan, M.H.; Putra, N.; Rahman, S.A. Phase Change Materials (PCM) for Solar Energy Usages and Storage: An Overview. Energies 2019, 12, 3167.

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