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CALAJOULE: An Italian Research to Lessen Joule Power Losses in Overhead Lines by Means of Innovative Conductors

1
Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, 35131 Padova, Italy
2
Nuova Elettromeccanica Sud (NES) s.p.a. Campo Calabro, 89052 Reggio Calabria, Italy
3
De Angeli Prodotti S.r.l. Bagnoli di Sopra, 35023 Padova, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2019, 12(16), 3107; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12163107
Received: 15 July 2019 / Revised: 26 July 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue DC and AC Overhead Transmission Lines from Low to Extra-High Voltages)
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Abstract

The ongoing evolution of the power system to implement climate action policies is resulting in a continuous increase in the penetration of renewables and the necessity of strengthening the transmission grid to optimize the usage of those sources and contain operation costs. Reinforcing the transmission lines or building new ones is a process that is made difficult due to authorization issues related with environmental and public acceptance concerns. Developing innovative conductors for overhead lines with enhanced performances with respect to the traditional ones would bring benefits in terms of energy efficiency increases in transmission and distribution grids without requiring the substitution of the existing towers. The project CALAJOULE (the genesis of the acronym comes from the union of the Italian verb “calare”-to decrease-to the third person singular, namely “cala” i.e., decreases, and of Joule, obvious reference to the active losses), cofinanced by the Italian Ministry of Economic Development in the framework of the “Ricerca di Sistema” program, aims at proposing innovative solutions for overhead line conductors for the containment of Joule power losses. In this paper, starting from the state-of-the-art of the currently adopted conductors, the main innovative solutions resulting from the project are presented and compared with the traditional ones to evaluate the achievable reduction in Joule losses. View Full-Text
Keywords: innovative conductors; overhead lines; power losses reduction innovative conductors; overhead lines; power losses reduction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style

Benato, R.; Caldon, R.; Chiarelli, A.; Coppo, M.; Garescì, C.; Dambone Sessa, S.; Mimo, D.; Modesti, M.; Mora, L.; Piovesan, F. CALAJOULE: An Italian Research to Lessen Joule Power Losses in Overhead Lines by Means of Innovative Conductors. Energies 2019, 12, 3107.

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