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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3344; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11123344

A PLC Channel Model for Home Area Networks

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700, STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
2
School of Information Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, China
3
National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, Jiangsu, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
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Abstract

Smart meters (SMs) are key components of the smart grid (SG) which gather electricity usage data from residences and businesses. Home area networks (HANs) are used to support two-way communications between SMs and devices within a building such as appliances. This can be implemented using power line communications (PLCs) via home wiring topologies. In this paper, a bottom-up approach is designed and a HAN-PLC channel model is obtained for a split-phase power system which includes branch circuits, an electric panel with circuit breakers and bars, a secondary transformer and the wiring of neighboring residences. A cell division (CD) method is proposed to construct the channel model. Furthermore, arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) and ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) circuit breaker models are developed. Several HAN-PLC channels are presented and compared with those obtained using existing models. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; home area network; cell division method; power line communications; channel model smart grid; home area network; cell division method; power line communications; channel model
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Fang, X.; Wang, N.; Gulliver, T.A. A PLC Channel Model for Home Area Networks. Energies 2018, 11, 3344.

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