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Energies 2018, 11(12), 3344;

A PLC Channel Model for Home Area Networks

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700, STN CSC, Victoria, BC V8W 2Y2, Canada
School of Information Engineering, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, China
National Mobile Communications Research Laboratory, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, Jiangsu, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2018 / Revised: 23 November 2018 / Accepted: 26 November 2018 / Published: 30 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Smart Grid)
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Smart meters (SMs) are key components of the smart grid (SG) which gather electricity usage data from residences and businesses. Home area networks (HANs) are used to support two-way communications between SMs and devices within a building such as appliances. This can be implemented using power line communications (PLCs) via home wiring topologies. In this paper, a bottom-up approach is designed and a HAN-PLC channel model is obtained for a split-phase power system which includes branch circuits, an electric panel with circuit breakers and bars, a secondary transformer and the wiring of neighboring residences. A cell division (CD) method is proposed to construct the channel model. Furthermore, arc fault circuit interrupter (AFCI) and ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) circuit breaker models are developed. Several HAN-PLC channels are presented and compared with those obtained using existing models. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart grid; home area network; cell division method; power line communications; channel model smart grid; home area network; cell division method; power line communications; channel model

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Fang, X.; Wang, N.; Gulliver, T.A. A PLC Channel Model for Home Area Networks. Energies 2018, 11, 3344.

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