Two methods, frequency domain analysis and time domain analysis, are widely applied to modeling wave energy converters (WECs). Frequency domain analysis can evaluate the performance of WECs quickly and efficiently, while it refers to a linear model. When it comes to investigations on nonlinear characteristics of the power take-off (PTO) unit of WECs or control for improving the WECs’ performance, time domain analysis based on a state-space approximation for the convolution term is more desirable. In this paper, a state-space approximation of the convolution term in a time domain analysis of a raft-type WEC consisting of two rafts and a PTO unit is presented. The state-space model is identified through regression in the frequency domain. Verification of such a type of time domain analysis is conducted by comparison of its simulation results with those calculated by using a frequency domain analysis, and there is a good agreement. Finally, the effects of PTO parameters, wave frequency, surge and heave motions of the joint, and quadratic damping PTO on the power capture ability of the raft-type WEC are investigated.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited