Next Article in Journal
The Role of Perceived Social Support and Stress in the Relationship between Hope and Depression among Chinese Shadow Education Tutors: A Serial Mediation Model
Next Article in Special Issue
Antenatal Classes in the Context of Prenatal Anxiety and Depression during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Previous Article in Journal
Disaster Risk Reduction Funding: Investment Cycle for Flood Protection in Japan
Previous Article in Special Issue
Efficacy of Breast Milk Olfactory and Gustatory Interventions on Neonates’ Biobehavioral Responses to Pain during Heel Prick Procedures
Review

Protecting Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of Perinatal Care Recommendations in the Context of Maternal and Child Well-Being

1
Laboratory of Human Milk and Lactation Research at Regional Human Milk Bank in Holy Family Hospital, Department of Medical Biology, Medical University of Warsaw, Litewska 14/16, 00-575 Warsaw, Poland
2
Human Milk Bank Foundation, Podkowy Str. 128 J, 04-937 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Biochemistry and Immunochemistry, Division of Chemistry and Immunochemistry, Wroclaw Medical University, M. Skłodowskiej-Curie 48/50, 50-369 Wrocław, Poland
4
Faculty of Sociology, University of Warsaw, Karowa 18, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
5
Institute of Applied Social Sciences, University of Warsaw, Nowy Świat 69, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19(6), 3347; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063347
Received: 31 January 2022 / Revised: 5 March 2022 / Accepted: 8 March 2022 / Published: 11 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breast Milk and Infant Well-Being)
The objective of this scoping review is to determine to what extent the recommendations on perinatal care protect breastfeeding during the COVID-19 pandemic. The review follows the PRISMA ScR Extension guidelines. The research was conducted in Scopus, Medline via Pubmed, and Web of Science databases from 1 March 2020 to 31 May 2021, using 392 combinations of keywords. We searched for reviews and original papers published in English providing recommendations on delivery mode, companion during labor, the possibility of skin-to-skin contact (SSC), breastfeeding, and visitors policy. After screening, 86 out of 8416 publications qualified for data extraction. The majority of them indicated that COVID-19 infection is not a sufficient reason for a cesarean section; however, on a national level, cesarean births in severely ill patients were overrepresented. A significant number of recommendations deprived mothers of the necessary support during their labor and stay in the maternity ward. A shared decision-making model was hardly visible. Only the earliest COVID-19 recommendations suspended direct breastfeeding; in later publications, decisions were related to the mother’s health, but other options of natural feeding were rarely discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2 infection; breastfeeding; human milk; well-being; perinatal care; recommendations; guidelines COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2 infection; breastfeeding; human milk; well-being; perinatal care; recommendations; guidelines
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wesołowska, A.; Orczyk-Pawiłowicz, M.; Bzikowska-Jura, A.; Gawrońska, M.; Walczak, B. Protecting Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of Perinatal Care Recommendations in the Context of Maternal and Child Well-Being. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2022, 19, 3347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063347

AMA Style

Wesołowska A, Orczyk-Pawiłowicz M, Bzikowska-Jura A, Gawrońska M, Walczak B. Protecting Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of Perinatal Care Recommendations in the Context of Maternal and Child Well-Being. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(6):3347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063347

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wesołowska, Aleksandra, Magdalena Orczyk-Pawiłowicz, Agnieszka Bzikowska-Jura, Małgorzata Gawrońska, and Bartłomiej Walczak. 2022. "Protecting Breastfeeding during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review of Perinatal Care Recommendations in the Context of Maternal and Child Well-Being" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 19, no. 6: 3347. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19063347

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop