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Article

Feasibility Study of an Educational Intervention to Improve Water Intake in Adolescent Soccer Players: A Two-Arm, Non-Randomized Controlled Cluster Trial

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Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Oviedo, Campus del Cristo s/n, 33006 Oviedo, Spain
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PRECAM Research Team, Health Research Institute of the Principality of Asturias, Avenida Roma s/n, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
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Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Gerència Territorial de Barcelona, Institut Català de la Salut, 08007 Barcelona, Spain
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Nursing Department, Nursing Faculty, Universitat de Girona, 17004 Girona, Spain
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Campus Bellaterra, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
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Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Avenida Roma s/n, 33011 Oviedo, Spain
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Hospital Universitario San Agustín de Avilés, Camino de Heros 6, 33401 Avilés, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1339; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031339
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 29 January 2021 / Accepted: 30 January 2021 / Published: 2 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Adolescents)
This study aimed to assess the feasibility of an educational intervention on hydration behavior in adolescent soccer players. A pilot study of a two-arm, non-randomized controlled cluster trial was conducted. A total of 316 players aged 13–16 agreed to participate. The response variables were the players’ participation in the intervention, their perception of the knowledge acquired, the usefulness and the overall assessment of the intervention. Hydration patterns and acquisition of knowledge on hydration behavior were also assessed. The intervention involved two elements: posters and a web app. A total of 259 adolescents completed the study (intervention group (IG) = 131; control group (CG) = 128). 80.6% of the players responded to the survey assessing the feasibility of the intervention. The mean number of correct answers regarding behavior was significantly higher in the IG (3.54; SD = 1.162) than in the CG (2.64; SD = 1.174) (p < 0.001). The water consumption pattern at all the clubs was ad libitum. Of the players, 10% did not drink any water at all during the game. In conclusion, this intervention has been shown to be feasible for implementation with adolescent soccer players. It suggests that hydration guidelines should be informed by personal factors and that ad libitum water consumption should be avoided. View Full-Text
Keywords: soccer; behavior; health promotion; adolescent; body hydration status soccer; behavior; health promotion; adolescent; body hydration status
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martín-Payo, R.; Fernández-Álvarez, M.d.M.; Zabaleta-del-Olmo, E.; García-García, R.; González-Méndez, X.; Carrasco-Santos, S. Feasibility Study of an Educational Intervention to Improve Water Intake in Adolescent Soccer Players: A Two-Arm, Non-Randomized Controlled Cluster Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1339. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031339

AMA Style

Martín-Payo R, Fernández-Álvarez MdM, Zabaleta-del-Olmo E, García-García R, González-Méndez X, Carrasco-Santos S. Feasibility Study of an Educational Intervention to Improve Water Intake in Adolescent Soccer Players: A Two-Arm, Non-Randomized Controlled Cluster Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1339. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031339

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martín-Payo, Rubén, María d.M. Fernández-Álvarez, Edurne Zabaleta-del-Olmo, Rebeca García-García, Xana González-Méndez, and Sergio Carrasco-Santos. 2021. "Feasibility Study of an Educational Intervention to Improve Water Intake in Adolescent Soccer Players: A Two-Arm, Non-Randomized Controlled Cluster Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1339. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031339

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