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Article

The Role of Culture and Religion on Sexual and Reproductive Health Indicators and Help-Seeking Attitudes amongst 1.5 Generation Migrants in Australia: A Quantitative Pilot Study

1
School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
2
Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
3
Susan Wakil School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW 2050, Australia
4
Uniting Care, North Parramatta, NSW 2151, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1341; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031341
Received: 24 November 2020 / Revised: 9 January 2021 / Accepted: 17 January 2021 / Published: 2 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migration, Resilience, Vulnerability and Migrants’ Health)
In Australia, 1.5 generation migrants (those who migrated as children) often enter a new cultural and religious environment, with its own set of constructs of sexual and reproductive health (SRH), at a crucial time in their psychosexual development—puberty/adolescence. Therefore, 1.5 generation migrants may thus have to contend with constructions of SRH from at least two cultures which may be at conflict on the matter. This study was designed to investigate the role of culture and religion on sexual and reproductive health indicators and help-seeking amongst 1.5 generation migrants. An online survey was completed by 111 participants who answered questions about their cultural connectedness, religion, sexual and reproductive health and help-seeking. Kruskall-Wallis tests were used to analyse the data. There was no significant difference between ethnocultural groups or levels of cultural connectedness in relation to sexual and reproductive health help-seeking attitudes. The results do suggest differences between religious groups in regard to seeking help specifically from participants’ parents. Notably, participants who reported having ‘no religion’ were more likely to seek help with sexual and reproductive health matters from their parent(s). Managing cross-cultural experiences is often noted in the extant literature as a barrier to sexual and reproductive health help-seeking. However, while cultural norms of migrants’ country of origin can remain strong, it is religion that seems to have more of an impact on how 1.5 generation migrants seek help for SRH issues. The findings suggest that 1.5 generation migrants may not need to adapt their religious beliefs or practices, despite entering a new ethnocultural environment. Given that religion can play a role in the participants’ sexual and reproductive health, religious organizations are well-placed to encourage young migrants to adopt help-seeking attitudes. View Full-Text
Keywords: 1.5 generation migrants; sexual and reproductive health; Australia; cross-cultural; religiosity 1.5 generation migrants; sexual and reproductive health; Australia; cross-cultural; religiosity
MDPI and ACS Style

Dune, T.; Ayika, D.; Thepsourinthone, J.; Mapedzahama, V.; Mengesha, Z. The Role of Culture and Religion on Sexual and Reproductive Health Indicators and Help-Seeking Attitudes amongst 1.5 Generation Migrants in Australia: A Quantitative Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1341. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031341

AMA Style

Dune T, Ayika D, Thepsourinthone J, Mapedzahama V, Mengesha Z. The Role of Culture and Religion on Sexual and Reproductive Health Indicators and Help-Seeking Attitudes amongst 1.5 Generation Migrants in Australia: A Quantitative Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1341. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031341

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dune, Tinashe, David Ayika, Jack Thepsourinthone, Virginia Mapedzahama, and Zelalem Mengesha. 2021. "The Role of Culture and Religion on Sexual and Reproductive Health Indicators and Help-Seeking Attitudes amongst 1.5 Generation Migrants in Australia: A Quantitative Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1341. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031341

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