Next Article in Journal
Estimating the Total Number of Residential Fire-Related Incidents and Underreported Residential Fire Incidents in New South Wales, Australia by Using Linked Administrative Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Increased Risk of Gastric Cancer in Asbestos-Exposed Workers: A Retrospective Cohort Study Based on Taiwan Cancer Registry 1980–2015
Previous Article in Journal
Physical Activity and the Improvement of Autonomy, Functional Ability, Subjective Health, and Social Relationships in Women over the Age of 60
Previous Article in Special Issue
Future Incidence of Malignant Mesothelioma in South Korea: Updated Projection to 2038
Article

Asbestos Exposure Level and the Carcinogenic Risk Due to Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Slate Roofs in Korea

by 1 and 1,2,3,*
1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea
2
Department of Preventive and Occupational & Environmental Medicine, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan 50612, Korea
3
Environmental Health Center of Asbestos, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan 50612, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6925; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136925
Received: 30 April 2021 / Revised: 24 June 2021 / Accepted: 26 June 2021 / Published: 28 June 2021
Asbestos-cement slate roofs are one of the most common environmental causes of asbestos exposure. However, few studies have examined residential asbestos-cement slate-related exposure and its effects on human health. This study was performed to evaluate cumulative asbestos exposure levels and to calculate the Excess Lifetime Cancer Risk (ELCR) of residents of asbestos-cement slate-roofed houses. We reviewed previous Korean literature to estimate the concentration of airborne asbestos from asbestos-cement slate roofed buildings. Finally, eight studies were selected, and a pooled analysis was performed. The results derived from the pooled analysis were combined with the data from a health impact survey conducted from 2009 to 2016 at the Environmental Health Center for Asbestos (EHCA) of the Yangsan Pusan National University Hospital, and a carcinogenic risk assessment was performed. As a result, the representative value of the indoor exposure concentration related to asbestos-cement slate was found to be 0.0032 f/cc on average, and the representative value of the exposure related to occupational asbestos-cement slate dismantling and demolition was found to be 0.0034 f/cc. In addition, the ELCR of asbestos-cement slate related indoor exposure and occupational dismantling and demolition was found to be of medium risk, and the ELCR of residential dismantling and demolition of asbestos-cement slate was less than 10−6, indicating that the risk was low. Since there is no threshold for carcinogenicity related to asbestos, this should not be ignored even if the risk appears low, and it would be reasonable to calculate the carcinogenic risk based on total lifetime exposure. More studies on asbestos exposure scenarios and the scope of similar exposure groups through additional data collection and further analysis of risk are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: asbestos; exposure; cancer; risk asbestos; exposure; cancer; risk
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, E.-S.; Kim, Y.-K. Asbestos Exposure Level and the Carcinogenic Risk Due to Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Slate Roofs in Korea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136925

AMA Style

Lee E-S, Kim Y-K. Asbestos Exposure Level and the Carcinogenic Risk Due to Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Slate Roofs in Korea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136925

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Eun-Soo, and Young-Ki Kim. 2021. "Asbestos Exposure Level and the Carcinogenic Risk Due to Corrugated Asbestos-Cement Slate Roofs in Korea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6925. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136925

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop