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Article

Estimating the Total Number of Residential Fire-Related Incidents and Underreported Residential Fire Incidents in New South Wales, Australia by Using Linked Administrative Data

1
School of Business, Western Sydney University, Parramatta, NSW 2150, Australia
2
Rozetta Institute, The Rocks, NSW 2000, Australia
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Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, Australia
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School of Health Sciences, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
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Fall, Balance and Injury Research Centre, Neuroscience Research Australia, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia
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School of Population Health, University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW 2033, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6921; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136921
Received: 28 May 2021 / Revised: 23 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 28 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Health Economics)
The rate of fires, and particularly residential fires, is a serious concern in industrialized countries. However, there is considerable uncertainty regarding the reported numbers of residential fire incidents as official figures are based on fires reported to fire response agencies only. This population-based study aims to quantify the total number of residential fire incidents regardless of reporting status. The cohort comprised linked person-level data from Fire and Rescue New South Wales (FRNSW) and health system and death records. It included all persons residing at a residential address in New South Wales, Australia, that experienced a fire between 1 January 2005 and 31 December 2014. The capture-recapture method was used to estimate the underreporting number of residential fire-related incidents. Over the study period, 43,707 residential fire incidents were reported to FRNSW, and there were 2795 residential fire-related health service utilizations, of which 2380 were not reported. Using the capture-recapture method, the total number of residential fire incidents was estimated at 267,815 to 319,719, which is more than six times the official records. This study found that 15% of residential fire incidents that were identified in health administrative dataset were reported. The residential fire incidents that were not reported occurred mainly in socio-economically disadvantaged areas among males and adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: underreported residential fire incidents; linked data; health economics; epidemiology underreported residential fire incidents; linked data; health economics; epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ghassempour, N.; Tannous, W.K.; Avsar, G.; Agho, K.E.; Harvey, L.A. Estimating the Total Number of Residential Fire-Related Incidents and Underreported Residential Fire Incidents in New South Wales, Australia by Using Linked Administrative Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6921. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136921

AMA Style

Ghassempour N, Tannous WK, Avsar G, Agho KE, Harvey LA. Estimating the Total Number of Residential Fire-Related Incidents and Underreported Residential Fire Incidents in New South Wales, Australia by Using Linked Administrative Data. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6921. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136921

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ghassempour, Nargess, W. K. Tannous, Gulay Avsar, Kingsley E. Agho, and Lara A. Harvey 2021. "Estimating the Total Number of Residential Fire-Related Incidents and Underreported Residential Fire Incidents in New South Wales, Australia by Using Linked Administrative Data" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6921. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136921

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