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Open AccessArticle

Does the Registered Dentists’ Program Alleviate the Socioeconomic Gap in the Use of Dental Sealants?

1
Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, Graduate School, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
2
Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7828; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217828
Received: 22 September 2020 / Revised: 22 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 26 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
Many countries provide preventive dental care for children to reduce inequalities. In Korea, the registered dentists’ program was implemented to promote oral health and prevent oral diseases in primary school students. This study aimed to evaluate the registered dentist program through the sealant utilization rate using national cohort data and to compare the socioeconomic gap of the cohorts by participation. The sample cohort data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Sharing Service (NHISS) in South Korea. The utilization of dental sealants was analyzed using the chi-square test according to the independent variables of each year. To identify the independent effects of participation in the registered dentists’ program, a panel logistic regression analysis of the utilization of dental sealants was performed. The participants were 1.35 times more likely to have dental sealants than non-participants. The significance of income quintiles disappeared in the case groups. The gap became more obvious in the employees of the control group even after adjusting for all variables. Implementing oral health programs can alleviate inequality with a relative increase in utilization in vulnerable populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthcare disparities; pit and fissure sealants; socioeconomic factors; child; oral health healthcare disparities; pit and fissure sealants; socioeconomic factors; child; oral health
MDPI and ACS Style

Jeon, J.-E.; Lim, A.-R.; Park, H.-A.; Ryu, J.-I. Does the Registered Dentists’ Program Alleviate the Socioeconomic Gap in the Use of Dental Sealants? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7828.

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