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Article

Maternal and Child Nutrition and Oral Health in Urban Vietnam

1
Health Research for Action, University of California Berkeley School of Public Health, 2140 Shattuck Avenue, 10th Floor, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA
2
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, 722 W 168th St, New York, NY 10032, USA
3
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA
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Department of Dental Medicine, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, 270-05 76th Ave, Queens, NY 11040, USA
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Faculty of Odonto-Stomatology and Department of Dental Public Health, University of Medicine and Pharmacy-Ho Chi Minh City, 217 Hồng Bàng, Phường 11, Quận 5, Hồ Chí Minh 700000, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2579; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142579
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 12 July 2019 / Accepted: 12 July 2019 / Published: 19 July 2019
The global nutrition transition has contributed to child obesity and dental caries in developing countries, including Vietnam. Few studies have described the nutrition and oral health of mothers and children. This a descriptive study of the nutrition and oral health characteristics of a convenience sample of 571 children aged 2 to 5 years and their mothers from 5 urban preschools in Central and South Vietnam. The mothers completed a written survey, and the children received dental exams and weight/height measurements. High rates of bottle-feeding and the consumption of sweets were reported. One in 4 children were overweight/obese. Dental caries increased in prevalence and severity by age—at 5 years, 86.7% of children had tooth decay in an average of 8.5 teeth, and 70.9% experienced mouth pain. Most mothers and children suffered from untreated dental disease. Public health programs should focus on nutrition and oral health promotion, as well as dental treatment from pregnancy and birth onward. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition transition; oral health; early childhood caries; mouth pain; bottle-feeding nutrition transition; oral health; early childhood caries; mouth pain; bottle-feeding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, D.; Sokal-Gutierrez, K.; Chung, K.; Lin, W.; Khanh, L.N.; Chung, R.; Hoang, H.T.; Ivey, S.L. Maternal and Child Nutrition and Oral Health in Urban Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142579

AMA Style

Huang D, Sokal-Gutierrez K, Chung K, Lin W, Khanh LN, Chung R, Hoang HT, Ivey SL. Maternal and Child Nutrition and Oral Health in Urban Vietnam. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142579

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Debbie, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez, Kenny Chung, Wenting Lin, Linh N. Khanh, Raymond Chung, Hung T. Hoang, and Susan L. Ivey. 2019. "Maternal and Child Nutrition and Oral Health in Urban Vietnam" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 14: 2579. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142579

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