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Open AccessArticle

The Production and Quality of Different Varieties of Papaya Grown under Greenhouse in Short Cycle in Continental Europe

1
CIAIMBITAL, Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario, Universidad de Almería, Carretera Sacramento s/n, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Vitalplant Nursery–Paraje Balsaseca, San Isidro-Níjar, 04117 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1789; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101789
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 16 May 2019 / Accepted: 16 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Greenhouse and Horticulture)
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Abstract

In Europe, papaya consumption is growing due to its nutritional properties. The proximity of consumer markets to Southeast Spain allows fruits to be harvested at a more advanced stage of maturity compared to exporting countries from outside Europe, a timeline which improves the quality of the papaya. Experiments have been carried out to assess the adaptation of papaya to protected cropping systems (under greenhouse) in the region. In this paper, we showed the results obtained in an experiment with five varieties, taking the most cultivated variety as control, which was grafted on its own female rootstock, in addition to another four new varieties that were introduced. Transplanting was made with early sex-identified plants in the nursery. Cultivation was developed in a 446-day cycle, almost 15 months and fruits were always harvested from the soil, due to the height that the plant reached in that period. The best yield parameters and fruit characteristics were obtained from hermaphrodite Intenzza papaya grafted on female papaya rootstock, although there were also other varieties which gave results that made possible its cultivation under this production system. View Full-Text
Keywords: cultivars of Carica papaya; greenhouse; Continental Europe; grafting; yield; total soluble solids cultivars of Carica papaya; greenhouse; Continental Europe; grafting; yield; total soluble solids
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Honoré, M.N.; Belmonte-Ureña, L.J.; Navarro-Velasco, A.; Camacho-Ferre, F. The Production and Quality of Different Varieties of Papaya Grown under Greenhouse in Short Cycle in Continental Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1789.

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