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Fish-Based Bioactives as Potent Nutraceuticals: Exploring the Therapeutic Perspective of Sustainable Food from the Sea

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Department of Clinical Nutrition, College of Applied Medial Sciences, University of Hail, Hail PO Box 2440, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Hail, Hail PO Box 2440, Saudi Arabia
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Bapalal Vaidya Botanical Research Centre, Department of Biosciences, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat 395007, Gujarat, India
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Department of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, University of Hail, Hail PO Box 2440, Saudi Arabia
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Laboratory of Bioresources: Integrative Biology and Valorization, (LR14-ES06), University of Monastir, Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Monastir, Avenue Tahar Haddad, BP 74, Monastir 5000, Tunisia
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School of Forensic and Applied Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, Preston PR1 2HE, UK
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2020, 18(5), 265; https://doi.org/10.3390/md18050265
Received: 5 April 2020 / Revised: 2 May 2020 / Accepted: 11 May 2020 / Published: 18 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutraceuticals and Pharmaceuticals from Marine Fish and Invertebrates)
Recent developments in nutraceuticals and functional foods have confirmed that bioactive components present in our diet play a major therapeutic role against human diseases. Moreover, there is a huge emphasis on food scientists for identifying and producing foods with better bioactive activity, which can ultimately provide wellness and well-being to human health. Among the several well-known foods with bioactive constituents, fish has always been considered important, due to its rich nutritional values and by-product application in food industries. Nutritionists, food scientists, and other scientific communities have been working jointly to uncover new bioactive molecules that could increase the potential and therapeutic benefits of these bioactive components. Despite the innumerable benefits of fish and known fish bioactive molecules, its use by food or pharmaceutical industries is scarce, and even research on fish-based nutraceuticals is not promising. Therefore, this review focuses on the current information/data available regarding fish bioactive components, its application as nutraceuticals for therapeutic purposes in the treatment of chronic diseases, ethnic issues related to consumption of fish or its by-products. Especial emphasis is given on the utilization of fish wastes and its by-products to fulfill the world demand for cheap dietary supplements specifically for underdeveloped/least developed countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutraceutical; functional food; fish; bioactive compounds; omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA); fatty acids nutraceutical; functional food; fish; bioactive compounds; omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA); fatty acids
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Ashraf, S.A.; Adnan, M.; Patel, M.; Siddiqui, A.J.; Sachidanandan, M.; Snoussi, M.; Hadi, S. Fish-Based Bioactives as Potent Nutraceuticals: Exploring the Therapeutic Perspective of Sustainable Food from the Sea. Mar. Drugs 2020, 18, 265.

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