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Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(11), 399; https://doi.org/10.3390/md16110399

Photoprotective Substances Derived from Marine Algae

1
Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Jakarta 14430, Indonesia
2
Research and Development Division of Marine Bio-Industry, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), West Nusa Tenggara 83552, Indonesia
3
Department of Marine Life Science, College of Ocean Science and Technology, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan 606-791, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 October 2018 / Revised: 18 October 2018 / Accepted: 18 October 2018 / Published: 23 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anti-Photoagaing and Photo-Protective Compounds from Marine Organisms)
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Abstract

Marine algae have received great attention as natural photoprotective agents due to their unique and exclusive bioactive substances which have been acquired as an adaptation to the extreme marine environment combine with a range of physical parameters. These photoprotective substances include mycosporine-like amino acids (MAAs), sulfated polysaccharides, carotenoids, and polyphenols. Marine algal photoprotective substances exhibit a wide range of biological activities such as ultraviolet (UV) absorbing, antioxidant, matrix-metalloproteinase inhibitors, anti-aging, and immunomodulatory activities. Hence, such unique bioactive substances derived from marine algae have been regarded as having potential for use in skin care, cosmetics, and pharmaceutical products. In this context, this contribution aims at revealing bioactive substances found in marine algae, outlines their photoprotective potential, and provides an overview of developments of blue biotechnology to obtain photoprotective substances and their prospective applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: natural; bioactive; marine algae; photoprotective; substances natural; bioactive; marine algae; photoprotective; substances
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Pangestuti, R.; Siahaan, E.A.; Kim, S.-K. Photoprotective Substances Derived from Marine Algae. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 399.

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