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Bioaccessibility of Marine Carotenoids

Food Phytochemistry Department, Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), University Campus, Building 46, Carretera de Utrera km. 1., 41013 Sevilla, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mar. Drugs 2018, 16(10), 397;
Received: 30 September 2018 / Revised: 16 October 2018 / Accepted: 19 October 2018 / Published: 22 October 2018
PDF [2405 KB, uploaded 23 October 2018]


The benefit of carotenoids to human health is undeniable and consequently, their use for this purpose is growing rapidly. Additionally, the nutraceutical properties of carotenoids have attracted attention of the food industry, especially in a new market area, the ‘cosmeceuticals.’ Marine organisms (microalgae, seaweeds, animals, etc.) are a rich source of carotenoids, with optimal properties for industrial production and biotechnological manipulation. Consequently, several papers have reviewed the analysis, characterization, extraction and determination methods, biological functions and industrial applications. But, now, the bioaccessibility and bioactivity of marine carotenoids has not been focused of any review, although important achievements have been published. The specific and diverse characteristic of the marine matrix determines the bioavailability of carotenoids, some of them unique in the nature. Considering the importance of the bioavailability not just from the health and nutritional point of view but also to the food and pharmaceutical industry, we consider that the present review responds to an actual demand. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquaculture; astaxanthin; bioaccessibility; fucoxanthin; humans; marine carotenoids aquaculture; astaxanthin; bioaccessibility; fucoxanthin; humans; marine carotenoids

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Viera, I.; Pérez-Gálvez, A.; Roca, M. Bioaccessibility of Marine Carotenoids. Mar. Drugs 2018, 16, 397.

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