APELA Expression in Glioma, and Its Association with Patient Survival and Tumor Grade
AbstractGlioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and deadliest primary adult brain tumor. Invasion, resistance to therapy, and tumor recurrence in GBM can be attributed in part to brain tumor-initiating cells (BTICs). BTICs isolated from various patient-derived xenografts showed high expression of the poorly characterized Apelin early ligand A (APELA) gene. Although originally considered to be a non-coding gene, the APELA gene encodes a protein that binds to the Apelin receptor and promotes the growth of human embryonic stem cells and the formation of the embryonic vasculature. We found that both APELA mRNA and protein are expressed at high levels in a subset of brain tumor patients, and that APELA is also expressed in putative stem cell niche in GBM tumor tissue. Analysis of APELA and the Apelin receptor gene expression in brain tumor datasets showed that high APELA expression was associated with poor patient survival in both glioma and glioblastoma, and APELA expression correlated with glioma grade. In contrast, gene expression of the Apelin receptor or Apelin was not found to be associated with patient survival, or glioma grade. Consequently, APELA may play an important role in glioblastoma tumorigenesis and may be a future therapeutic target. View Full-Text
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Ganguly, D.; Cai, C.; Sims, M.M.; Yang, C.H.; Thomas, M.; Cheng, J.; Saad, A.G.; Pfeffer, L.M. APELA Expression in Glioma, and Its Association with Patient Survival and Tumor Grade. Pharmaceuticals 2019, 12, 45.
Ganguly D, Cai C, Sims MM, Yang CH, Thomas M, Cheng J, Saad AG, Pfeffer LM. APELA Expression in Glioma, and Its Association with Patient Survival and Tumor Grade. Pharmaceuticals. 2019; 12(1):45.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ganguly, Debolina; Cai, Chun; Sims, Michelle M.; Yang, Chuan H.; Thomas, Matthew; Cheng, Jinjun; Saad, Ali G.; Pfeffer, Lawrence M. 2019. "APELA Expression in Glioma, and Its Association with Patient Survival and Tumor Grade." Pharmaceuticals 12, no. 1: 45.
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