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Pharmaceuticals 2018, 11(4), 123; https://doi.org/10.3390/ph11040123

TNBC Challenge: Oligonucleotide Aptamers for New Imaging and Therapy Modalities

1
Istituto per l’Endocrinologia e l’Oncologia Sperimentale G. Salvatore (IEOS), CNR, 80145 Naples, Italy
2
Istituto di Biostrutture e Bioimmagini, CNR, 80145 Naples, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2018 / Revised: 2 November 2018 / Accepted: 9 November 2018 / Published: 13 November 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aptamer-Based Diagnostics and Therapeutics)
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Abstract

Compared to other breast cancers, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) usually affects younger patients, is larger in size, of higher grade and is biologically more aggressive. To date, conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy remains the only available treatment for TNBC because it lacks expression of the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and no alternative targetable molecules have been identified so far. The high biological and clinical heterogeneity adds a further challenge to TNBC management and requires the identification of new biomarkers to improve detection by imaging, thus allowing the specific treatment of each individual TNBC subtype. The Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment (SELEX) technique holds great promise to the search for novel targetable biomarkers, and aptamer-based molecular approaches have the potential to overcome obstacles of current imaging and therapy modalities. In this review, we highlight recent advances in oligonucleotide aptamers used as imaging and/or therapeutic agents in TNBC, discussing the potential options to discover, image and hit new actionable targets in TNBC. View Full-Text
Keywords: aptamer; chemoresistance; targeted imaging; targeted therapy; TNBC; tumor microenvironment; SELEX aptamer; chemoresistance; targeted imaging; targeted therapy; TNBC; tumor microenvironment; SELEX
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Camorani, S.; Fedele, M.; Zannetti, A.; Cerchia, L. TNBC Challenge: Oligonucleotide Aptamers for New Imaging and Therapy Modalities. Pharmaceuticals 2018, 11, 123.

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