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Review

A Review of Cyber-Ranges and Test-Beds: Current and Future Trends

1
Department of Computer Science, Cardiff School of Technologies, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff CF5 2YB, UK
2
Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow G1 1XQ, UK
3
Division of Cybersecurity, Abertay University, Dundee DD1 1HG, UK
4
Naval Academy Research Institute, Arts et Métiers Institute of Technology, Rue du Poulmic, 29160 Lanvéoc, France
5
The Center for Security Studies (KEMEA), GR-101 77 Athens, Greece
6
Department of Informatics and Telecommunications, University of Peloponnese, 221 00 Tripoli, Greece
7
Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 36 Prague 6, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(24), 7148; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20247148
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 1 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 December 2020 / Published: 13 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Sensor Networks)
Cyber situational awareness has been proven to be of value in forming a comprehensive understanding of threats and vulnerabilities within organisations, as the degree of exposure is governed by the prevailing levels of cyber-hygiene and established processes. A more accurate assessment of the security provision informs on the most vulnerable environments that necessitate more diligent management. The rapid proliferation in the automation of cyber-attacks is reducing the gap between information and operational technologies and the need to review the current levels of robustness against new sophisticated cyber-attacks, trends, technologies and mitigation countermeasures has become pressing. A deeper characterisation is also the basis with which to predict future vulnerabilities in turn guiding the most appropriate deployment technologies. Thus, refreshing established practices and the scope of the training to support the decision making of users and operators. The foundation of the training provision is the use of Cyber-Ranges (CRs) and Test-Beds (TBs), platforms/tools that help inculcate a deeper understanding of the evolution of an attack and the methodology to deploy the most impactful countermeasures to arrest breaches. In this paper, an evaluation of documented CRs and TBs platforms is evaluated. CRs and TBs are segmented by type, technology, threat scenarios, applications and the scope of attainable training. To enrich the analysis of documented CRs and TBs research and cap the study, a taxonomy is developed to provide a broader comprehension of the future of CRs and TBs. The taxonomy elaborates on the CRs/TBs dimensions, as well as, highlighting a diminishing differentiation between application areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyber-Ranges; Test-Beds; Cyber-Security; threat simulations; training; education; scenario; virtual environment; cyber-situation awareness; taxonomy Cyber-Ranges; Test-Beds; Cyber-Security; threat simulations; training; education; scenario; virtual environment; cyber-situation awareness; taxonomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ukwandu, E.; Farah, M.A.B.; Hindy, H.; Brosset, D.; Kavallieros, D.; Atkinson, R.; Tachtatzis, C.; Bures, M.; Andonovic, I.; Bellekens, X. A Review of Cyber-Ranges and Test-Beds: Current and Future Trends. Sensors 2020, 20, 7148. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20247148

AMA Style

Ukwandu E, Farah MAB, Hindy H, Brosset D, Kavallieros D, Atkinson R, Tachtatzis C, Bures M, Andonovic I, Bellekens X. A Review of Cyber-Ranges and Test-Beds: Current and Future Trends. Sensors. 2020; 20(24):7148. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20247148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ukwandu, Elochukwu, Mohamed A.B. Farah, Hanan Hindy, David Brosset, Dimitris Kavallieros, Robert Atkinson, Christos Tachtatzis, Miroslav Bures, Ivan Andonovic, and Xavier Bellekens. 2020. "A Review of Cyber-Ranges and Test-Beds: Current and Future Trends" Sensors 20, no. 24: 7148. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20247148

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