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Article

Age-Related Differences in Fixation Pattern on a Companion Robot

by 1 and 2,*
1
School of Integrated Technology, Yonsei Institute of Convergence Technology, Yonsei University, 85 Songdogwahak-ro, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21983, Korea
2
Department of Future Design, Graduate School of Techno Design, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 02707, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(13), 3807; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133807
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 6 July 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human-Robot Interaction and Sensors for Social Robotics)
Recent studies have addressed the various benefits of companion robots and expanded the research scope to their design. However, the viewpoints of older adults have not been deeply investigated. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the distinctive viewpoints of older adults by comparing them with those of younger adults. Thirty-one older and thirty-one younger adults participated in an eye-tracking experiment to investigate their impressions of a bear-like robot mockup. They also completed interviews and surveys to help us understand their viewpoints on the robot design. The gaze behaviors and the impressions of the two groups were significantly different. Older adults focused significantly more on the robot’s face and paid little attention to the rest of the body. In contrast, the younger adults gazed at more body parts and viewed the robot in more detail than the older adults. Furthermore, the older adults rated physical attractiveness and social likeability of the robot significantly higher than the younger adults. The specific gaze behavior of the younger adults was linked to considerable negative feedback on the robot design. Based on these empirical findings, we recommend that impressions of older adults be considered when designing companion robots. View Full-Text
Keywords: companion robot; eye tracking; older adult; robot design companion robot; eye tracking; older adult; robot design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oh, Y.H.; Ju, D.Y. Age-Related Differences in Fixation Pattern on a Companion Robot. Sensors 2020, 20, 3807. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133807

AMA Style

Oh YH, Ju DY. Age-Related Differences in Fixation Pattern on a Companion Robot. Sensors. 2020; 20(13):3807. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oh, Young H., and Da Y. Ju 2020. "Age-Related Differences in Fixation Pattern on a Companion Robot" Sensors 20, no. 13: 3807. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133807

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