Next Article in Journal
Long-Period Gratings and Microcavity In-Line Mach Zehnder Interferometers as Highly Sensitive Optical Fiber Platforms for Bacteria Sensing
Next Article in Special Issue
Age-Related Differences in Fixation Pattern on a Companion Robot
Previous Article in Journal
A WoT Platform for Supporting Full-Cycle IoT Solutions from Edge to Cloud Infrastructures: A Practical Case
Previous Article in Special Issue
Social STEAM Learning at an Early Age with Robotic Platforms: A Case Study in Four Schools in Spain
Article

Effects of the Level of Interactivity of a Social Robot and the Response of the Augmented Reality Display in Contextual Interactions of People with Dementia

1
Department of Industrial Design, Eindhoven University of Technology, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
Department of Industrial Design, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2020, 20(13), 3771; https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133771
Received: 31 May 2020 / Revised: 2 July 2020 / Accepted: 3 July 2020 / Published: 5 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human-Robot Interaction and Sensors for Social Robotics)
The well-being of people with dementia (PWD) living in long-term care facilities is hindered due to disengagement and social isolation. Animal-like social robots are increasingly used in dementia care as they can provide companionship and engage PWD in meaningful activities. While most previous human–robot interaction (HRI) research studied engagement independent from the context, recent findings indicate that the context of HRI sessions has an impact on user engagement. This study aims to explore the effects of contextual interactions between PWD and a social robot embedded in the augmented responsive environment. Three experimental conditions were compared: reactive context-enhanced robot interaction; dynamic context-enhanced interaction with a static robot; a control condition with only the dynamic context presented. Effectiveness evaluations were performed with 16 participants using four observational rating scales on observed engagement, affective states, and apathy related behaviors. Findings suggested that the higher level of interactivity of a social robot and the interactive contextualized feedback helped capture and maintain users’ attention during engagement; however, it did not significantly improve their positive affective states. Additionally, the presence of either a static or a proactive robot reduced apathy-related behaviors by facilitating purposeful activities, thus, motivating behavioral engagement. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; social robot; human–robot interaction; interactivity; context; engagement; apathy dementia; social robot; human–robot interaction; interactivity; context; engagement; apathy
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Feng, Y.; Barakova, E.I.; Yu, S.; Hu, J.; Rauterberg, G.W.M. Effects of the Level of Interactivity of a Social Robot and the Response of the Augmented Reality Display in Contextual Interactions of People with Dementia. Sensors 2020, 20, 3771. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133771

AMA Style

Feng Y, Barakova EI, Yu S, Hu J, Rauterberg GWM. Effects of the Level of Interactivity of a Social Robot and the Response of the Augmented Reality Display in Contextual Interactions of People with Dementia. Sensors. 2020; 20(13):3771. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133771

Chicago/Turabian Style

Feng, Yuan, Emilia I. Barakova, Suihuai Yu, Jun Hu, and G. W.M. Rauterberg 2020. "Effects of the Level of Interactivity of a Social Robot and the Response of the Augmented Reality Display in Contextual Interactions of People with Dementia" Sensors 20, no. 13: 3771. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20133771

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop