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Laser Resonance Frequency Analysis: A Novel Measurement Approach to Evaluate Acetabular Cup Stability During Surgery

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinanomachi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan
2
Department of Biology-Oriented Science and Technology, Kindai University, 930 Nishi-Mitani, Kinokawa city, Wakayama 649-6493, Japan
3
Kansai Photon Science Institute, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, 817 Umemidai, Kizugawa city, Kyoto 619-0215, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Sensors 2019, 19(22), 4876; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19224876
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 7 November 2019 / Published: 8 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Optical Sensors for Biomedical Application)
Artificial joint acetabular cup stability is essential for successful total hip arthroplasty. However, a quantitative evaluation approach for clinical use is lacking. We developed a resonance frequency analysis (RFA) system involving a laser system that is fully contactless. This study aimed to investigate the usefulness of laser RFA for evaluating acetabular cup stability. First, the finite element method was performed to determine the vibration mode for analysis. Second, the acetabular cup was press-fitted into a reamed polyurethane cavity that replicated the human acetabular roof. The implanted acetabular cup was vibrated with pulse laser irradiation and the induced vibration was detected with a laser Doppler vibrometer. The time domain signal from the vibrometer was analyzed by fast Fourier transform to obtain the vibration frequency spectrum. After laser RFA, the pull-down force of the acetabular cup was measured as conventional implant fixation strength. The frequency of the first highest amplitude between 2 kHz and 6 kHz was considered as the resonance peak frequency, and its relationship with the pull-down force was assessed. The peak frequency could predict the pull-down force (R2 = 0.859, p < 0.000). Our findings suggest that laser RFA might be useful to measure acetabular cup stability during surgery. View Full-Text
Keywords: total hip arthroplasty; implant stability; acetabular cup; laser; resonance frequency analysis; finite element method total hip arthroplasty; implant stability; acetabular cup; laser; resonance frequency analysis; finite element method
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Kikuchi, S.; Mikami, K.; Nakashima, D.; Kitamura, T.; Hasegawa, N.; Nishikino, M.; Kanaji, A.; Nakamura, M.; Nagura, T. Laser Resonance Frequency Analysis: A Novel Measurement Approach to Evaluate Acetabular Cup Stability During Surgery. Sensors 2019, 19, 4876.

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