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Sensors 2018, 18(4), 1118; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18041118

Smart City Pilot Projects Using LoRa and IEEE802.15.4 Technologies

1
DEI, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
2
IEIIT, National Research Council, Viale Risorgimento 2, 40136 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 27 February 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
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Abstract

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), through wireless communications and the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm, are the enabling keys for transforming traditional cities into smart cities, since they provide the core infrastructure behind public utilities and services. However, to be effective, IoT-based services could require different technologies and network topologies, even when addressing the same urban scenario. In this paper, we highlight this aspect and present two smart city testbeds developed in Italy. The first one concerns a smart infrastructure for public lighting and relies on a heterogeneous network using the IEEE 802.15.4 short-range communication technology, whereas the second one addresses smart-building applications and is based on the LoRa low-rate, long-range communication technology. The smart lighting scenario is discussed providing the technical details and the economic benefits of a large-scale (around 3000 light poles) flexible and modular implementation of a public lighting infrastructure, while the smart-building testbed is investigated, through measurement campaigns and simulations, assessing the coverage and the performance of the LoRa technology in a real urban scenario. Results show that a proper parameter setting is needed to cover large urban areas while maintaining the airtime sufficiently low to keep packet losses at satisfactory levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: smart city; Internet of Things; testbed; LoRa; IEEE 802.15.4; measurements smart city; Internet of Things; testbed; LoRa; IEEE 802.15.4; measurements
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Pasolini, G.; Buratti, C.; Feltrin, L.; Zabini, F.; De Castro, C.; Verdone, R.; Andrisano, O. Smart City Pilot Projects Using LoRa and IEEE802.15.4 Technologies. Sensors 2018, 18, 1118.

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