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Sensors 2018, 18(10), 3561; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18103561

A Blockchain-Based Authorization System for Trustworthy Resource Monitoring and Trading in Smart Communities

1
Departamento de Ingeniería Topográfica y Cartografía, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, UPM Campus Sur, Km 7.5 de la Autovía de Valencia, 28031 Madrid, Spain
2
Departamento de Ingeniería de Sistemas Telemáticos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Avenida Complutense no. 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 5 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 20 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Sensor Systems for Environmental Monitoring)
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Abstract

Resource consumption in residential areas requires novel contributions in the field of consumer information management and collaborative mechanisms for the exchange of resources, in order to optimize the overall consumption of the community. We propose an authorization system to facilitate access to consumer information and resource trading, based on blockchain technology. Our proposal is oriented to the Smart communities, an evolution of Community Energy Management Systems, in which communities are involved in the monitoring and coordination of resource consumption. The proposed environment allows a more reliable management of monitoring and authorization functions, with secure data access and storage and delegation of controller functions among householders. We provide the definition of virtual assets for energy and water resource sharing as an auction, which encourages the optimization of global consumption and saves resources. The proposed solution is implemented and validated in application scenarios that demonstrate the suitability of the defined consensus mechanism, trustworthiness in the level of provided security for resource monitoring and delegation and reduction on resource consumption by the resource trading contribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: resource monitoring; prosumer; blockchain; trading; resource auction; smart communities; power consumption; water consumption resource monitoring; prosumer; blockchain; trading; resource auction; smart communities; power consumption; water consumption
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Alcarria, R.; Bordel, B.; Robles, T.; Martín, D.; Manso-Callejo, M.-Á. A Blockchain-Based Authorization System for Trustworthy Resource Monitoring and Trading in Smart Communities. Sensors 2018, 18, 3561.

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