Next Article in Journal
An Efficient Approach for Preprocessing Data from a Large-Scale Chemical Sensor Array
Previous Article in Journal
Development of a Wireless Computer Vision Instrument to Detect Biotic Stress in Wheat
Open AccessArticle

Voltammetric Electronic Tongue and Support Vector Machines for Identification of Selected Features in Mexican Coffee

Bioelectronics Section, Electrical Engineering Department, CINVESTAV, 07360 Mexico D.F., Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2014, 14(9), 17770-17785; https://doi.org/10.3390/s140917770
Received: 19 June 2014 / Revised: 5 September 2014 / Accepted: 10 September 2014 / Published: 24 September 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
This paper describes a new method based on a voltammetric electronic tongue (ET) for the recognition of distinctive features in coffee samples. An ET was directly applied to different samples from the main Mexican coffee regions without any pretreatment before the analysis. The resulting electrochemical information was modeled with two different mathematical tools, namely Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Support Vector Machines (SVM). Growing conditions (i.e., organic or non-organic practices and altitude of crops) were considered for a first classification. LDA results showed an average discrimination rate of 88% ± 6.53% while SVM successfully accomplished an overall accuracy of 96.4% ± 3.50% for the same task. A second classification based on geographical origin of samples was carried out. Results showed an overall accuracy of 87.5% ± 7.79% for LDA and a superior performance of 97.5% ± 3.22% for SVM. Given the complexity of coffee samples, the high accuracy percentages achieved by ET coupled with SVM in both classification problems suggested a potential applicability of ET in the assessment of selected coffee features with a simpler and faster methodology along with a null sample pretreatment. In addition, the proposed method can be applied to authentication assessment while improving cost, time and accuracy of the general procedure. View Full-Text
Keywords: coffee; electronic tongue; support vector machine; organic; geographical origin coffee; electronic tongue; support vector machine; organic; geographical origin
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Domínguez, R.B.; Moreno-Barón, L.; Muñoz, R.; Gutiérrez, J.M. Voltammetric Electronic Tongue and Support Vector Machines for Identification of Selected Features in Mexican Coffee. Sensors 2014, 14, 17770-17785.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop