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Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2014, 14(12), 23388-23397;

An Open-Source and Low-Cost Monitoring System for Precision Enology

Istituto di Biometeorologia (IBIMET-CNR), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via G. Caproni 8, Firenze 50145, Italy
Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie, Alimentari e Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Perugia (UNIPG), Borgo XX Giugno 74, Perugia 06128, Italy
Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, Università di Parma (UNIPR), Viale G.P. Usberti, 181/A, Parma 43124, Italy
Dipartimento Scienze Agrarie, Forestali e Alimentari, Università degli Studi di Torino (UNITO), Via Leonardo da Vinci 44, Torino 10095, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 October 2014 / Revised: 28 November 2014 / Accepted: 2 December 2014 / Published: 5 December 2014
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Winemaking is a dynamic process, where microbiological and chemical effects may strongly differentiate products from the same vineyard and even between wine vats. This high variability means an increase in work in terms of control and process management. The winemaking process therefore requires a site-specific approach in order to optimize cellar practices and quality management, suggesting a new concept of winemaking, identified as Precision Enology. The Institute of Biometeorology of the Italian National Research Council has developed a wireless monitoring system, consisting of a series of nodes integrated in barrel bungs with sensors for the measurement of wine physical and chemical parameters in the barrel. This paper describes an open-source evolution of the preliminary prototype, using Arduino-based technology. Results have shown good performance in terms of data transmission and accuracy, minimal size and power consumption. The system has been designed to create a low-cost product, which allows a remote and real-time control of wine evolution in each barrel, minimizing costs and time for sampling and laboratory analysis. The possibility of integrating any kind of sensors makes the system a flexible tool that can satisfy various monitoring needs. View Full-Text
Keywords: precision enology; wireless sensor network; open-source; Arduino; wine precision enology; wireless sensor network; open-source; Arduino; wine

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Di Gennaro, S.F.; Matese, A.; Mancin, M.; Primicerio, J.; Palliotti, A. An Open-Source and Low-Cost Monitoring System for Precision Enology. Sensors 2014, 14, 23388-23397.

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