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The Arthropod Fauna of Oak (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) Canopies in Norway

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Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Department Invertebrate Pests and Weeds in Forestry, Agriculture and Horticulture, P.O. Box 115, NO-1431 Ås, Norway
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Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1172 Blindern, NO-0318 Oslo, Norway
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Malomarok, u. 27, HU-9730 Köszeg, Hungary
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Mågerøveien 168, NO-3145 Tjøme, Norway
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Biofokus, Gaustadalléen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway
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University Museum of Bergen, P.O. Box 7800, NO-5020 Bergen, Norway
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Kummelnäsvägen 90, SE-132 37 Saltsjö-Boo, Sweden
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Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Downing St., Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK
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Institute of Soil Biology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Na Sádkách 7, CZ-37005 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
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Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Authority, P.O. Box 9102, NL-6700 HC Wageningen, The Netherlands
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Naustvikvegen 69, NO-4170 Sjernarøy, Norway
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Øvre Nordstranda 429, NO-6823 Sandane, Norway
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Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Eberswalder Straße 90, DE-15374 Müncheberg, Germany
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Department of Invertebrate Zoology and Parasitology, University of Gdańsk, Wita Stwosza 59, PL-80-308 Gdańsk, Poland
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NTNU University Museum, Department of Natural History, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NO-7491 Trondheim, Norway
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Bismarckstraße 41, DE-28203 Bremen, Germany
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Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, Sognsveien 68, NO-0855 Oslo, Norway
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Nature Research Centre, Akademijos Str. 2, LT-08412 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Faculty of Biosciences and Aquaculture, Nord University, N-7729 Steinkjer, Norway
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Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle, Rue des Terreaux 14, CH-2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Spyros Sfenthourakis and Luc Legal
Diversity 2021, 13(7), 332; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070332
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 8 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 19 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Arthropods Associated with Forest Soil and Wood)
(1) We document the invertebrate fauna collected from 24 oak canopies in east and west Norway as a contribution to the Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre’s ‘The Norwegian Taxonomy Initiative’. (2) A snap-shot inventory of the canopies was recorded by means of emitting a mist of natural pyrethrum into the canopies at night using a petrol-driven fogger and collecting the specimens in butterfly nets spread on the ground under the canopy. (3) Almost the entire catch of more than 6800 specimens was identified to 722 species. Out of 92 species new to the Norwegian fauna, 21 were new to science and, additionally, 15 were new to the Nordic fauna. Diptera alone constituted nearly half of the species represented, with 61 new records (18 new species). Additionally, 24 Hymenoptera (one new species), six oribatid mites (two new species) and one Thysanoptera were new to the Norwegian fauna. (4) Our study emphasizes the importance of the oak tree as a habitat both for a specific fauna and occasional visitors, and it demonstrates that the canopy fogging technique is an efficient way to find the ‘hidden fauna’ of Norwegian forests. The low number of red listed species found reflects how poor the Norwegian insect fauna is still studied. Moreover, the implication of the IUCN red list criteria for newly described or newly observed species is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Quercus; oak; canopy; fogging; new species; inventory; Norway Quercus; oak; canopy; fogging; new species; inventory; Norway
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thunes, K.H.; Søli, G.E.E.; Thuróczy, C.; Fjellberg, A.; Olberg, S.; Roth, S.; Coulianos, C.-C.; Disney, R.H.L.; Starý, J.; Vierbergen, G.; Jonassen, T.; Anonby, J.; Köhler, A.; Menzel, F.; Szadziewski, R.; Stur, E.; Adaschkiewitz, W.; Olsen, K.M.; Kvamme, T.; Endrestøl, A.; Podenas, S.; Kobro, S.; Hansen, L.O.; Kvifte, G.M.; Haenni, J.-P.; Boumans, L. The Arthropod Fauna of Oak (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) Canopies in Norway. Diversity 2021, 13, 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070332

AMA Style

Thunes KH, Søli GEE, Thuróczy C, Fjellberg A, Olberg S, Roth S, Coulianos C-C, Disney RHL, Starý J, Vierbergen G, Jonassen T, Anonby J, Köhler A, Menzel F, Szadziewski R, Stur E, Adaschkiewitz W, Olsen KM, Kvamme T, Endrestøl A, Podenas S, Kobro S, Hansen LO, Kvifte GM, Haenni J-P, Boumans L. The Arthropod Fauna of Oak (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) Canopies in Norway. Diversity. 2021; 13(7):332. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070332

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thunes, Karl H., Geir E.E. Søli, Csaba Thuróczy, Arne Fjellberg, Stefan Olberg, Steffen Roth, Carl-C. Coulianos, R. H.L. Disney, Josef Starý, G. Vierbergen, Terje Jonassen, Johannes Anonby, Arne Köhler, Frank Menzel, Ryszard Szadziewski, Elisabeth Stur, Wolfgang Adaschkiewitz, Kjell M. Olsen, Torstein Kvamme, Anders Endrestøl, Sigitas Podenas, Sverre Kobro, Lars O. Hansen, Gunnar M. Kvifte, Jean-Paul Haenni, and Louis Boumans. 2021. "The Arthropod Fauna of Oak (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) Canopies in Norway" Diversity 13, no. 7: 332. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070332

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