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Ethnolichenology—The Use of Lichens in the Himalayas and Southwestern Parts of China

1
Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL, 8903 Birmensdorf, Switzerland
2
Faculty of Sciences, University of Bern, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
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Global Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies (GIIS), Kathmandu 3084, Nepal
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Himalayan Climate & Science Institute (HCSI), Washington, DC 20007, USA
5
Key Laboratory for Plant Diversity and Biogeography of East Asia, Kunming Institute of Botany, CAS, Kunming 650201, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Edit Farkas and Michael Wink
Diversity 2021, 13(7), 330; https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070330
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 13 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 July 2021 / Published: 18 July 2021
Lichens are used in traditional medicine, food and various other ethnic uses by cultures across the Himalayas and southwestern parts of China. Evidence-based knowledge from historical and modern literatures and investigation of ethnic uses from 1990 proved that lichen species used as medicine in the Himalayas and southwestern parts of China totaled to 142 species; furthermore, 42 species were utilized as food. Moreover, some lichens are popularly used for lichen produce in ethnic and modern life. An understanding and clarification of the use of lichens in the Himalayas and southeastern parts of China can therefore be important for understanding uses of lichens elsewhere and a reference for additional research of lichen uses in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: lichen; ethnic use; medicinal; edible species; Himalayas; southwestern China lichen; ethnic use; medicinal; edible species; Himalayas; southwestern China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, M.-X.; Devkota, S.; Wang, L.-S.; Scheidegger, C. Ethnolichenology—The Use of Lichens in the Himalayas and Southwestern Parts of China. Diversity 2021, 13, 330. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070330

AMA Style

Yang M-X, Devkota S, Wang L-S, Scheidegger C. Ethnolichenology—The Use of Lichens in the Himalayas and Southwestern Parts of China. Diversity. 2021; 13(7):330. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Mei-Xia, Shiva Devkota, Li-Song Wang, and Christoph Scheidegger. 2021. "Ethnolichenology—The Use of Lichens in the Himalayas and Southwestern Parts of China" Diversity 13, no. 7: 330. https://doi.org/10.3390/d13070330

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