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Open AccessReview

Significance of Apoidea as Main Pollinators. Ecological and Economic Impact and Implications for Human Nutrition

1
Department of Animal Diversity and Resources, Institute of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
2
Research Center of Stockbreeding and Agriculture, Agricultural Academy, 4700 Smolyan, Bulgaria
3
Scientific Center of Agriculture, Agricultural Academy, 8300 Sredets, Bulgaria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(7), 280; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12070280
Received: 16 June 2020 / Revised: 13 July 2020 / Accepted: 13 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Insect)
Wild and managed bees provide pollination services to crops and wild plants, as well as a variety of other services beneficial to humans. Honey bees are the most economically valuable pollinator worldwide. It has been calculated that 9.5% of the total economic value of agricultural production comes from insect pollination, thus amounting to just under USD 200 billion globally. More than 100 important crops depend on pollination by honey bees. The latter pollinate not only a wide number of commercial crops but also many wild plants, some of which are threatened by extinction and constitute a valuable genetic resource. Moreover, as pollinators, honey bees play a significant role in every aspect of the ecosystem by facilitating the growth of trees, flowers, and other plants that serve as food and shelter for many large and small creatures. In this paper, we describe how the reduction in honey bee populations affects various economic sectors, as well as human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Apis mellifera; honey bee products; medicinal impact; human nutrition Apis mellifera; honey bee products; medicinal impact; human nutrition
MDPI and ACS Style

Hristov, P.; Neov, B.; Shumkova, R.; Palova, N. Significance of Apoidea as Main Pollinators. Ecological and Economic Impact and Implications for Human Nutrition. Diversity 2020, 12, 280. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12070280

AMA Style

Hristov P, Neov B, Shumkova R, Palova N. Significance of Apoidea as Main Pollinators. Ecological and Economic Impact and Implications for Human Nutrition. Diversity. 2020; 12(7):280. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12070280

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hristov, Peter; Neov, Boyko; Shumkova, Rositsa; Palova, Nadezhda. 2020. "Significance of Apoidea as Main Pollinators. Ecological and Economic Impact and Implications for Human Nutrition" Diversity 12, no. 7: 280. https://doi.org/10.3390/d12070280

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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