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Open AccessArticle

Diversity and Distribution Patterns of Geometrid Moths (Geometridae, Lepidoptera) in Mongolia

1
Department of Biogeography, University of Bayreuth, Universitätsstraße 30, 95447 Bayreuth, Germany
2
Ecology Group, Department of Biology, National University of Mongolia, Ikh Surguuliin Gudamj 1, Ulaanbaatar 14201, Mongolia
3
Academy of Natural Sciences of Drexel University, Philadelphia, PA 19103, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diversity 2020, 12(5), 186; https://doi.org/10.3390/d12050186
Received: 30 March 2020 / Revised: 6 May 2020 / Accepted: 8 May 2020 / Published: 11 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Insect)
Geometrids are a species-rich group of moths that serve as reliable indicators for environmental changes. Little is known about the Mongolian moth fauna, and there is no comprehensive review of species richness, diversity, and distribution patterns of geometrid moths in the country. Our study aims to review the existing knowledge on geometrid moths in Mongolia. We compiled geometrid moth records from published scientific papers, our own research, and from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) to produce a checklist of geometrid moths of Mongolia. Additionally, we analyzed spatial patterns, species richness, and diversity of geometrid moths within 14 ecoregions of Mongolia and evaluated environmental variables for their distribution. In total, we compiled 1973-point records of 388 geometrid species. The most species-rich ecoregion in Mongolia was Daurian Forest Steppe with 142 species. Annual precipitation and maximum temperature of the warmest month were the most important environmental variables that correlated with NMDS axes in an analysis of geometrid assemblages of different ecoregions in Mongolia. View Full-Text
Keywords: beta diversity; ecoregions; environmental variables; location; NMDS; species checklist beta diversity; ecoregions; environmental variables; location; NMDS; species checklist
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MDPI and ACS Style

Enkhtur, K.; Boldgiv, B.; Pfeiffer, M. Diversity and Distribution Patterns of Geometrid Moths (Geometridae, Lepidoptera) in Mongolia. Diversity 2020, 12, 186.

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