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Diversity 2018, 10(4), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/d10040105

Winter Roost Tree Selection and Phenology of the Long-Eared Owl (Asio otus) in Crimea

1
V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Department of Ecology and Zoology, 95007 Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine
2
V.I. Vernadsky Crimean Federal University, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology and Biotechnology, 95007 Simferopol, Crimea, Ukraine
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 August 2018 / Revised: 19 September 2018 / Accepted: 22 September 2018 / Published: 27 September 2018
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Abstract

The winter roost of the long-eared owl Asio otus in Crimea (South of Ukraine), located in Simferopol, is described. In 2015–2017, the number of long-eared owls varied on a convex curve, with the maximum reached at the end of November and in December. The birds exhibited a strong preference for roosting in conifers, where we recorded 89% of the owls. There was an inverse relationship between the mean of the maximum daily temperature (°C) and the number of owls in both seasons. The owls were not sensitive to abrupt but short-term temperature changes, but the temperature decrease curve caused practically synchronous changes in the dynamics of bird numbers. It was found that the number of owls significantly differed based on weather conditions in 16 trees. The proportion of owls sitting on coniferous trees increased with unfavourable weather, and the converse pattern was observed for deciduous trees. View Full-Text
Keywords: Long-eared Owl; Asio otus; communal roost; phenology Long-eared Owl; Asio otus; communal roost; phenology
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Kucherenko, V.; Kalinovsky, P. Winter Roost Tree Selection and Phenology of the Long-Eared Owl (Asio otus) in Crimea. Diversity 2018, 10, 105.

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