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Review

Epigenetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythm and Its Possible Role in Diabetes Mellitus

1
Department of Medical Genetics, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University; Ruská 87, 100 00 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Department of Anthropology and Human Genetics, Faculty of Science, Charles University; Viničná 7, 128 00 Prague, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(8), 3005; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21083005
Received: 24 January 2020 / Revised: 14 April 2020 / Accepted: 21 April 2020 / Published: 24 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Epigenetics of Diabetes and Related Complications)
This review aims to summarize the knowledge about the relationship between circadian rhythms and their influence on the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome. Circadian rhythms are controlled by internal molecular feedback loops that synchronize the organism with the external environment. These loops are affected by genetic and epigenetic factors. Genetic factors include polymorphisms and mutations of circadian genes. The expression of circadian genes is regulated by epigenetic mechanisms that change from prenatal development to old age. Epigenetic modifications are influenced by the external environment. Most of these modifications are affected by our own life style. Irregular circadian rhythm and low quality of sleep have been shown to increase the risk of developing T2DM and other metabolic disorders. Here, we attempt to provide a wide description of mutual relationships between epigenetic regulation, circadian rhythm, aging process and highlight new evidences that show possible therapeutic advance in the field of chrono-medicine which will be more important in the upcoming years. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; circadian clock; epigenetic regulation; metabolic syndrome; sleep; aging type 2 diabetes mellitus; circadian clock; epigenetic regulation; metabolic syndrome; sleep; aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hudec, M.; Dankova, P.; Solc, R.; Bettazova, N.; Cerna, M. Epigenetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythm and Its Possible Role in Diabetes Mellitus. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 3005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21083005

AMA Style

Hudec M, Dankova P, Solc R, Bettazova N, Cerna M. Epigenetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythm and Its Possible Role in Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(8):3005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21083005

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hudec, Michael, Pavlina Dankova, Roman Solc, Nardjas Bettazova, and Marie Cerna. 2020. "Epigenetic Regulation of Circadian Rhythm and Its Possible Role in Diabetes Mellitus" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 8: 3005. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21083005

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