Next Article in Journal
The Distinct Roles of Transcriptional Factor KLF11 in Normal Cell Growth Regulation and Cancer as a Mediator of TGF-β Signaling Pathway
Next Article in Special Issue
Development of Thiazolidinones as Fungal Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors
Previous Article in Journal
Chemokine Ligand 13 (CXCL13) in Neuroborreliosis and Neurosyphilis as Selected Spirochetal Neurological Diseases: A Review of Its Diagnostic Significance
Previous Article in Special Issue
Biocatalytic CO2 Absorption and Structural Studies of Carbonic Anhydrase under Industrially-Relevant Conditions
Review

Insights on the Functions and Ecophysiological Relevance of the Diverse Carbonic Anhydrases in Microalgae

1
Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, BIP, UMR 7281, IMM, FR3479, 31 Chemin J. Aiguier, CEDEX 20, 13 402 Marseille, France
2
UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, Lake Ecosystems Group, Lancaster Environment Centre, Library Avenue, Bailrigg, Lancaster LA1 4AP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Current address: Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, Laboratory of Chloroplast Biology and Light Sensing in Microalgae, UMR7141 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Sorbonne Université, 75005 Paris, France.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(8), 2922; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082922
Received: 16 March 2020 / Revised: 19 April 2020 / Accepted: 20 April 2020 / Published: 22 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbonic Anhydrases: A Superfamily of Ubiquitous Enzymes)
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) exist in all kingdoms of life. They are metalloenzymes, often containing zinc, that catalyze the interconversion of bicarbonate and carbon dioxide—a ubiquitous reaction involved in a variety of cellular processes. So far, eight classes of apparently evolutionary unrelated CAs that are present in a large diversity of living organisms have been described. In this review, we focus on the diversity of CAs and their roles in photosynthetic microalgae. We describe their essential role in carbon dioxide-concentrating mechanisms and photosynthesis, their regulation, as well as their less studied roles in non-photosynthetic processes. We also discuss the presence in some microalgae, especially diatoms, of cambialistic CAs (i.e., CAs that can replace Zn by Co, Cd, or Fe) and, more recently, a CA that uses Mn as a metal cofactor, with potential ecological relevance in aquatic environments where trace metal concentrations are low. There has been a recent explosion of knowledge about this well-known enzyme with exciting future opportunities to answer outstanding questions using a range of different approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbonic anhydrase; microalgae; carbon dioxide; CO2-concentrating mechanisms carbonic anhydrase; microalgae; carbon dioxide; CO2-concentrating mechanisms
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jensen, E.L.; Maberly, S.C.; Gontero, B. Insights on the Functions and Ecophysiological Relevance of the Diverse Carbonic Anhydrases in Microalgae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082922

AMA Style

Jensen EL, Maberly SC, Gontero B. Insights on the Functions and Ecophysiological Relevance of the Diverse Carbonic Anhydrases in Microalgae. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2020; 21(8):2922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082922

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jensen, Erik L., Stephen C. Maberly, and Brigitte Gontero. 2020. "Insights on the Functions and Ecophysiological Relevance of the Diverse Carbonic Anhydrases in Microalgae" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, no. 8: 2922. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21082922

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop