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Phytochemicals for the Prevention and Treatment of Gastric Cancer: Effects and Mechanisms

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Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
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Research Center for Plants and Human Health, Institute of Urban Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610213, China
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Department of Food Science & Technology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China
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Institute of Food Processing and Safety, College of Food Science, Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an 625014, China
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Department of Molecular Biology, Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Jastrzebiec, 05-552 Magdalenka, Poland
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Institute of Neurobiology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 23 Acad. G. Bonchev str., 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria
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Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
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Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Digital Health and Patient Safety, Medical University of Vienna, Spitalgasse 23, 1090 Vienna, Austria
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21(2), 570; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21020570
Received: 17 December 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 13 January 2020 / Published: 16 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Phytochemicals for Cancer Prevention and Treatment II)
Gastric cancer is the fifth most common cancer, and the third most prevalent cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. Voluminous evidence has demonstrated that phytochemicals play a critical role in the prevention and management of gastric cancer. Most epidemiological investigations indicate that the increased intake of phytochemicals could reduce the risk of gastric cancer. Experimental studies have elucidated the mechanisms of action, including inhibiting cancer cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis and autophagy, and suppressing angiogenesis as well as cancer cell metastasis. These mechanisms have also been related to the inhibition of Helicobacter pylori and the modulation of gut microbiota. In addition, the intake of phytochemicals could enhance the efficacy of anticancer chemotherapeutics. Moreover, clinical studies have illustrated that phytochemicals have the potential for the prevention and the management of gastric cancer in humans. To provide an updated understanding of relationships between phytochemicals and gastric cancer, this review summarizes the effects of phytochemicals on gastric cancer, highlighting the underlying mechanisms. This review could be helpful for guiding the public in preventing gastric cancer through phytochemicals, as well as in developing functional food and drugs for the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytochemicals; gastric cancer; anticancer; mechanism of action phytochemicals; gastric cancer; anticancer; mechanism of action
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mao, Q.-Q.; Xu, X.-Y.; Shang, A.; Gan, R.-Y.; Wu, D.-T.; Atanasov, A.G.; Li, H.-B. Phytochemicals for the Prevention and Treatment of Gastric Cancer: Effects and Mechanisms. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 570.

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