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Open AccessArticle

Identification of a Major QTL (qRRs-10.1) That Confers Resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum in Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Using SLAF-BSA and QTL Mapping

Beijing Vegetable Research Center (BVRC), Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, National Engineering Research Center for Vegetables, Beijing Key Laboratory of Vegetable Germplasm Improvement, Beijing 100097, China
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(23), 5887; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20235887
Received: 6 October 2019 / Revised: 4 November 2019 / Accepted: 21 November 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mapping Plant Genes that Confer Resistance to Biotic Stress)
The soilborne pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum is the causal agent of bacterial wilt (BW), a major disease of pepper (Capsicum annuum). The genetic basis of resistance to this disease in pepper is not well known. This study aimed to identify BW resistance markers in pepper. Analysis of the dynamics of bioluminescent R. solanacearum colonization in reciprocal grafts of a resistant (BVRC 1) line and a susceptible (BVRC 25) line revealed that the resistant rootstock effectively suppressed the spreading of bacteria into the scion. The two clear-cut phenotypic distributions of the disease severity index in 440 F2 plants derived from BVRC 25 × BVRC 1 indicated that a major genetic factor as well as a few minor factors that control BW resistance. By specific-locus amplified fragment sequencing combined with bulked segregant analysis, two adjacent resistance-associated regions on chromosome 10 were identified. Quantitative trait (QTL) mapping revealed that these two regions belong to a single QTL, qRRs-10.1. The marker ID10-194305124, which reached a maximum log-likelihood value at 9.79 and accounted for 19.01% of the phenotypic variation, was located the closest to the QTL peak. A cluster of five predicted R genes and three defense-related genes, which are located in close proximity to the significant markers ID10-194305124 or ID10-196208712, are important candidate genes that may confer BW resistance in pepper. View Full-Text
Keywords: Capsicum annuum; Ralstonia solanacearum; SLAF-seq; QTL; linkage mapping; rootstock Capsicum annuum; Ralstonia solanacearum; SLAF-seq; QTL; linkage mapping; rootstock
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Du, H.; Wen, C.; Zhang, X.; Xu, X.; Yang, J.; Chen, B.; Geng, S. Identification of a Major QTL (qRRs-10.1) That Confers Resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum in Pepper (Capsicum annuum) Using SLAF-BSA and QTL Mapping. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 5887.

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