Rapid Morphological and Cytoskeletal Response to Microgravity in Human Primary Macrophages
AbstractThe FLUMIAS (Fluorescence-Microscopic Analyses System for Life-Cell-Imaging in Space) confocal laser spinning disk fluorescence microscope represents a new imaging capability for live cell imaging experiments on suborbital ballistic rocket missions. During the second pioneer mission of this microscope system on the TEXUS-54 suborbital rocket flight, we developed and performed a live imaging experiment with primary human macrophages. We simultaneously imaged four different cellular structures (nucleus, cytoplasm, lysosomes, actin cytoskeleton) by using four different live cell dyes (Nuclear Violet, Calcein, LysoBrite, SiR-actin) and laser wavelengths (405, 488, 561, and 642 nm), and investigated the cellular morphology in microgravity (10−4 to 10−5 g) over a period of about six minutes compared to 1 g controls. For live imaging of the cytoskeleton during spaceflight, we combined confocal laser microscopy with the SiR-actin probe, a fluorogenic silicon-rhodamine (SiR) conjugated jasplakinolide probe that binds to F-actin and displays minimal toxicity. We determined changes in 3D cell volume and surface, nuclear volume and in the actin cytoskeleton, which responded rapidly to the microgravity environment with a significant reduction of SiR-actin fluorescence after 4–19 s microgravity, and adapted subsequently until 126–151 s microgravity. We conclude that microgravity induces geometric cellular changes and rapid response and adaptation of the potential gravity-transducing cytoskeleton in primary human macrophages. View Full-Text
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Thiel, C.S.; Tauber, S.; Lauber, B.; Polzer, J.; Seebacher, C.; Uhl, R.; Neelam, S.; Zhang, Y.; Levine, H.; Ullrich, O. Rapid Morphological and Cytoskeletal Response to Microgravity in Human Primary Macrophages. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2402.
Thiel CS, Tauber S, Lauber B, Polzer J, Seebacher C, Uhl R, Neelam S, Zhang Y, Levine H, Ullrich O. Rapid Morphological and Cytoskeletal Response to Microgravity in Human Primary Macrophages. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2019; 20(10):2402.Chicago/Turabian Style
Thiel, Cora S.; Tauber, Svantje; Lauber, Beatrice; Polzer, Jennifer; Seebacher, Christian; Uhl, Rainer; Neelam, Srujana; Zhang, Ye; Levine, Howard; Ullrich, Oliver. 2019. "Rapid Morphological and Cytoskeletal Response to Microgravity in Human Primary Macrophages." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 20, no. 10: 2402.
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