Regulation and Evolution of NLR Genes: A Close Interconnection for Plant Immunity
AbstractNLR (NOD-like receptor) genes belong to one of the largest gene families in plants. Their role in plants’ resistance to pathogens has been clearly described for many members of this gene family, and dysregulation or overexpression of some of these genes has been shown to induce an autoimmunity state that strongly affects plant growth and yield. For this reason, these genes have to be tightly regulated in their expression and activity, and several regulatory mechanisms are described here that tune their gene expression and protein levels. This gene family is subjected to rapid evolution, and to maintain diversity at NLRs, a plethora of genetic mechanisms have been identified as sources of variation. Interestingly, regulation of gene expression and evolution of this gene family are two strictly interconnected aspects. Indeed, some examples have been reported in which mechanisms of gene expression regulation have roles in promotion of the evolution of this gene family. Moreover, co-evolution of the NLR gene family and other gene families devoted to their control has been recently demonstrated, as in the case of miRNAs. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Borrelli, G.M.; Mazzucotelli, E.; Marone, D.; Crosatti, C.; Michelotti, V.; Valè, G.; Mastrangelo, A.M. Regulation and Evolution of NLR Genes: A Close Interconnection for Plant Immunity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1662.
Borrelli GM, Mazzucotelli E, Marone D, Crosatti C, Michelotti V, Valè G, Mastrangelo AM. Regulation and Evolution of NLR Genes: A Close Interconnection for Plant Immunity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(6):1662.Chicago/Turabian Style
Borrelli, Grazia M.; Mazzucotelli, Elisabetta; Marone, Daniela; Crosatti, Cristina; Michelotti, Vania; Valè, Giampiero; Mastrangelo, Anna M. 2018. "Regulation and Evolution of NLR Genes: A Close Interconnection for Plant Immunity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 6: 1662.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.