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Plant Perception and Short-Term Responses to Phytophagous Insects and Mites

1
Centro de Biotecnologia y Genomica de Plantas, Instituto Nacional de Investigacion y Tecnologia Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Campus Montegancedo, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), Pozuelo de Alarcon, 28223 Madrid, Spain
2
Departamento de Biotecnologia-Biologia Vegetal, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieria Agronomica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas, UPM, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(5), 1356; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19051356
Received: 20 March 2018 / Revised: 19 April 2018 / Accepted: 25 April 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Defense Genes Against Biotic Stresses)
Plant–pest relationships involve complex processes encompassing a network of molecules, signals, and regulators for overcoming defenses they develop against each other. Phytophagous arthropods identify plants mainly as a source of food. In turn, plants develop a variety of strategies to avoid damage and survive. The success of plant defenses depends on rapid and specific recognition of the phytophagous threat. Subsequently, plants trigger a cascade of short-term responses that eventually result in the production of a wide range of compounds with defense properties. This review deals with the main features involved in the interaction between plants and phytophagous insects and acari, focusing on early responses from the plant side. A general landscape of the diverse strategies employed by plants within the first hours after pest perception to block the capability of phytophagous insects to develop mechanisms of resistance is presented, with the potential of providing alternatives for pest control. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant defenses; phytophagous arthropods; elicitors; effectors; plant receptors; early signaling; insect; acari plant defenses; phytophagous arthropods; elicitors; effectors; plant receptors; early signaling; insect; acari
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santamaria, M.E.; Arnaiz, A.; Gonzalez-Melendi, P.; Martinez, M.; Diaz, I. Plant Perception and Short-Term Responses to Phytophagous Insects and Mites. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 1356.

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