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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(1), 101;

Genome-Wide Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Potato and Their Potential Role in Tuber Sprouting Process

Tobacco Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Qingdao 266101, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2017 / Revised: 20 December 2017 / Accepted: 28 December 2017 / Published: 29 December 2017
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Sprouting is a key factor affecting the quality of potato tubers. The present study aimed to compare the differential expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the apical meristem during the dormancy release and sprouting stages by using lncRNA sequencing. Microscopic observations and Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses revealed the changes in the morphology and expression of lncRNAs in potato tubers during sprouting. Meristematic cells of potato tuber apical buds divided continuously and exhibited vegetative cone bulging and vascularisation. In all, 3175 lncRNAs were identified from the apical buds of potato tubers, among which 383 lncRNAs were up-regulated and 340 were down-regulated during sprouting. The GO enrichment analysis revealed that sprouting mainly influenced the expression of lncRNAs related to the cellular components of potato apical buds (e.g., cytoplasm and organelles) and cellular metabolic processes. The KEGG enrichment analysis also showed significant enrichment of specific metabolic pathways. In addition, 386 differentially expressed lncRNAs during sprouting were identified as putative targets of 235 potato miRNAs. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction results agreed with the sequencing data. Our study provides the first systematic study of numerous lncRNAs involved in the potato tuber sprouting process and lays the foundation for further studies to elucidate their precise functions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Solanum tuberosum L.; tuber; sprouting; morphology; lncRNAs Solanum tuberosum L.; tuber; sprouting; morphology; lncRNAs

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Hou, X.; Du, Y.; Liu, X.; Zhang, H.; Liu, Y.; Yan, N.; Zhang, Z. Genome-Wide Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs in Potato and Their Potential Role in Tuber Sprouting Process. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 101.

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