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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(5), 969;

Study of Hydroquinone Mediated Cytotoxicity and Hypopigmentation Effects from UVB-Irradiated Arbutin and DeoxyArbutin

Department of Cosmetic Science, Providence University, 200, Sec. 7, Taiwan Boulevard, Shalu Dist., Taichung 43301, Taiwan
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, 2 Yuh-Der Road, Taichung 40447, Taiwan
School of Chinese Medicine, China Medical University, 91 Hsueh-Shih Road, Taichung 40402, Taiwan
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Manickam Sugumaran
Received: 29 January 2017 / Revised: 25 April 2017 / Accepted: 29 April 2017 / Published: 3 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
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Arbutin (Arb) and deoxyArbutin (dA) are both effective hypopigmentation agents. However, they are glucoside derivatives of hydroquinone (HQ), which may be decayed into HQ under higher energy environments. Therefore, safety and toxicity are very important issues when considering the usage of these compounds. However, no study has verified the properties of Ultra-Violet B (UVB)-irradiated Arb and dA. In this work, we investigated the cytotoxicity and hypopigmentation effects of UVB-irradiated Arb and dA in Detroit 551 human fibroblast cells and B16-F10 mouse melanoma cells. The results showed that UVB-irradiated Arb and dA have strong cytotoxicity for the fibroblast cells, especially for dA, the caspase-3 is also activated by the treatment of UVB-irradiated dA in Detroit 551 cells. The results correlated with the produced HQ. In addition, UVB-irradiated Arb and dA suppressed the production of melanin in melanoma cells; this is due to the release of HQ that compensates for the UVB triggered Arb and dA decomposition. View Full-Text
Keywords: arbutin; deoxyArbutin; hydroquinone; UVB-irradiation; cytotoxicity; hypopigmentation arbutin; deoxyArbutin; hydroquinone; UVB-irradiation; cytotoxicity; hypopigmentation

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Chang, N.-F.; Chen, Y.-S.; Lin, Y.-J.; Tai, T.-H.; Chen, A.-N.; Huang, C.-H.; Lin, C.-C. Study of Hydroquinone Mediated Cytotoxicity and Hypopigmentation Effects from UVB-Irradiated Arbutin and DeoxyArbutin. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 969.

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Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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