Stable Isotope-Assisted Evaluation of Different Extraction Solvents for Untargeted Metabolomics of Plants
AbstractThe evaluation of extraction protocols for untargeted metabolomics approaches is still difficult. We have applied a novel stable isotope-assisted workflow for untargeted LC-HRMS-based plant metabolomics , which allows for the first time every detected feature to be considered for method evaluation. The efficiency and complementarity of commonly used extraction solvents, namely 1 + 3 (v/v) mixtures of water and selected organic solvents (methanol, acetonitrile or methanol/acetonitrile 1 + 1 (v/v)), with and without the addition of 0.1% (v/v) formic acid were compared. Four different wheat organs were sampled, extracted and analysed by LC-HRMS. Data evaluation was performed with the in-house-developed MetExtract II software and R. With all tested solvents a total of 871 metabolites were extracted in ear, 785 in stem, 733 in leaf and 517 in root samples, respectively. Between 48% (stem) and 57% (ear) of the metabolites detected in a particular organ were found with all extraction mixtures, and 127 of 996 metabolites were consistently shared between all extraction agent/organ combinations. In aqueous methanol, acidification with formic acid led to pronounced pH dependency regarding the precision of metabolite abundance and the number of detectable metabolites, whereas extracts of acetonitrile-containing mixtures were less affected. Moreover, methanol and acetonitrile have been found to be complementary with respect to extraction efficiency. Interestingly, the beneficial properties of both solvents can be combined by the use of a water-methanol-acetonitrile mixture for global metabolite extraction instead of aqueous methanol or aqueous acetonitrile alone. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 3278 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Doppler, M.; Kluger, B.; Bueschl, C.; Schneider, C.; Krska, R.; Delcambre, S.; Hiller, K.; Lemmens, M.; Schuhmacher, R. Stable Isotope-Assisted Evaluation of Different Extraction Solvents for Untargeted Metabolomics of Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1017.
Doppler M, Kluger B, Bueschl C, Schneider C, Krska R, Delcambre S, Hiller K, Lemmens M, Schuhmacher R. Stable Isotope-Assisted Evaluation of Different Extraction Solvents for Untargeted Metabolomics of Plants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):1017.Chicago/Turabian Style
Doppler, Maria; Kluger, Bernhard; Bueschl, Christoph; Schneider, Christina; Krska, Rudolf; Delcambre, Sylvie; Hiller, Karsten; Lemmens, Marc; Schuhmacher, Rainer. 2016. "Stable Isotope-Assisted Evaluation of Different Extraction Solvents for Untargeted Metabolomics of Plants." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 1017.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.