Antiallergic Phorbol Ester from the Seeds of Aquilaria malaccensis
AbstractThe Aquilaria malaccensis (Thymelaeaceae) tree is a source of precious fragrant resin, called agarwood, which is widely used in traditional medicines in East Asia against diseases such as asthma. In our continuous search for active natural products, A. malaccensis seeds ethanolic extract demonstrated antiallergic effect with an IC50 value less than 1 µg/mL. Therefore, the present research aimed to purify and identify the antiallergic principle of A. malaccensis through a bioactivity-guided fractionation approach. We found that phorbol ester-rich fraction was responsible for the antiallergic activity of A. malaccensis seeds. One new active phorbol ester, 12-O-(2Z,4E,6E)-tetradeca-2,4,6-trienoylphorbol-13-acetate, aquimavitalin (1) was isolated. The structure of 1 was assigned by means of 1D and 2D NMR data and high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS). Aquimavitalin (1) showed strong inhibitory activity in A23187- and antigen-induced degranulation assay with IC50 values of 1.7 and 11 nM, respectively, with a therapeutic index up to 71,000. The antiallergic activities of A. malaccensis seeds and aquimavitalin (1) have never been revealed before. The results indicated that A. malaccensis seeds and the pure compound have the potential for use in the treatment of allergy. View Full-Text
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Korinek, M.; Wagh, V.D.; Lo, I.-W.; Hsu, Y.-M.; Hsu, H.-Y.; Hwang, T.-L.; Wu, Y.-C.; Cheng, Y.-B.; Chen, B.-H.; Chang, F.-R. Antiallergic Phorbol Ester from the Seeds of Aquilaria malaccensis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 398.
Korinek M, Wagh VD, Lo I-W, Hsu Y-M, Hsu H-Y, Hwang T-L, Wu Y-C, Cheng Y-B, Chen B-H, Chang F-R. Antiallergic Phorbol Ester from the Seeds of Aquilaria malaccensis. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(3):398.Chicago/Turabian Style
Korinek, Michal; Wagh, Vitthal D.; Lo, I-Wen; Hsu, Yu-Ming; Hsu, Hsue-Yin; Hwang, Tsong-Long; Wu, Yang-Chang; Cheng, Yuan-Bin; Chen, Bing-Hung; Chang, Fang-Rong. 2016. "Antiallergic Phorbol Ester from the Seeds of Aquilaria malaccensis." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 3: 398.
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