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Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds

Biotech R & D Institute, University of the West Indies, Mona, 99999 Kingston, Jamaica
Vilotos Pharmaceuticals Inc., Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
Flavocure Biotech Inc., Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
Institute of Human Virology (IHV), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
Physics Department, Florida Polytechnic Institute, Lakeland, FL 33805, USA
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana-Faber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Justin Jang Hann Chu
Molecules 2021, 26(3), 607;
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 26 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 25 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Herbal Medicines as Antivirals)
Plants have had historical significance in medicine since the beginning of civilization. The oldest medical pharmacopeias of the African, Arabian, and Asian countries solely utilize plants and herbs to treat pain, oral diseases, skin diseases, microbial infections, multiple types of cancers, reproductive disorders among a myriad of other ailments. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 65% of the world population solely utilize botanical preparations as medicine. Due to the abundance of plants, plant-derived medicines are more readily accessible, affordable, convenient, and have safer side-effect profiles than synthetic drugs. Plant-based decoctions have been a significant part of Jamaican traditional folklore medicine. Jamaica is of particular interest because it has approximately 52% of the established medicinal plants that exist on earth. This makes the island particularly welcoming for rigorous scientific research on the medicinal value of plants and the development of phytomedicine thereof. Viral infections caused by the human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2), hepatitis virus B and C, influenza A virus, and the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) present a significant global burden. This is a review of some important Jamaican medicinal plants, with particular reference to their antiviral activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytomedicine; viral infections; antivirals; phytoantiviral phytomedicine; viral infections; antivirals; phytoantiviral
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lowe, H.; Steele, B.; Bryant, J.; Fouad, E.; Toyang, N.; Ngwa, W. Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds. Molecules 2021, 26, 607.

AMA Style

Lowe H, Steele B, Bryant J, Fouad E, Toyang N, Ngwa W. Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds. Molecules. 2021; 26(3):607.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lowe, Henry, Blair Steele, Joseph Bryant, Emadelden Fouad, Ngeh Toyang, and Wilfred Ngwa. 2021. "Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds" Molecules 26, no. 3: 607.

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