Next Article in Journal
Humic Acid Extracts Leading to the Photochemical Bromination of Phenol in Aqueous Bromide Solutions: Influences of Aromatic Components, Polarity and Photochemical Activity
Previous Article in Journal
Anticancer Potential of Sutherlandia frutescens and Xysmalobium undulatum in LS180 Colorectal Cancer Mini-Tumors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Development of Provesicular Nanodelivery System of Curcumin as a Safe and Effective Antiviral Agent: Statistical Optimization, In Vitro Characterization, and Antiviral Effectiveness
Review

Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds

1
Biotech R & D Institute, University of the West Indies, Mona, 99999 Kingston, Jamaica
2
Vilotos Pharmaceuticals Inc., Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
3
Flavocure Biotech Inc., Baltimore, MD 21202, USA
4
Institute of Human Virology (IHV), University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, USA
5
Physics Department, Florida Polytechnic Institute, Lakeland, FL 33805, USA
6
Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Dana-Faber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Justin Jang Hann Chu
Molecules 2021, 26(3), 607; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26030607
Received: 26 October 2020 / Revised: 26 December 2020 / Accepted: 29 December 2020 / Published: 25 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Herbal Medicines as Antivirals)
Plants have had historical significance in medicine since the beginning of civilization. The oldest medical pharmacopeias of the African, Arabian, and Asian countries solely utilize plants and herbs to treat pain, oral diseases, skin diseases, microbial infections, multiple types of cancers, reproductive disorders among a myriad of other ailments. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 65% of the world population solely utilize botanical preparations as medicine. Due to the abundance of plants, plant-derived medicines are more readily accessible, affordable, convenient, and have safer side-effect profiles than synthetic drugs. Plant-based decoctions have been a significant part of Jamaican traditional folklore medicine. Jamaica is of particular interest because it has approximately 52% of the established medicinal plants that exist on earth. This makes the island particularly welcoming for rigorous scientific research on the medicinal value of plants and the development of phytomedicine thereof. Viral infections caused by the human immunodeficiency virus types 1 and 2 (HIV-1 and HIV-2), hepatitis virus B and C, influenza A virus, and the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS CoV-2) present a significant global burden. This is a review of some important Jamaican medicinal plants, with particular reference to their antiviral activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: phytomedicine; viral infections; antivirals; phytoantiviral phytomedicine; viral infections; antivirals; phytoantiviral
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Lowe, H.; Steele, B.; Bryant, J.; Fouad, E.; Toyang, N.; Ngwa, W. Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds. Molecules 2021, 26, 607. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26030607

AMA Style

Lowe H, Steele B, Bryant J, Fouad E, Toyang N, Ngwa W. Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds. Molecules. 2021; 26(3):607. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26030607

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lowe, Henry, Blair Steele, Joseph Bryant, Emadelden Fouad, Ngeh Toyang, and Wilfred Ngwa. 2021. "Antiviral Activity of Jamaican Medicinal Plants and Isolated Bioactive Compounds" Molecules 26, no. 3: 607. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26030607

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop