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Article

Insightful Valorization of the Biological Activities of Pani Heloch Leaves through Experimental and Computer-Aided Mechanisms

1
Department of Pharmacy, International Islamic University Chittagong, Chittagong 4318, Bangladesh
2
Department of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
3
Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dr. Qudrat-i-Khuda Road, Dhanmondi, Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh
4
Department of Pharmacy, BGC Trust University Bangladesh, Chittagong 4381, Bangladesh
5
Nutrition and Bromatology Group, Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University of Vigo—Ourense Campus, E32004 Ourense, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Molecules 2020, 25(21), 5153; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25215153
Received: 11 October 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 3 November 2020 / Published: 5 November 2020
Pani heloch (Antidesma montanum) is traditionally used to treat innumerable diseases and is a source of wild vegetables for the management of different pathological conditions. The present study explored the qualitative phytochemicals; quantitative phenol and flavonoid contents; in vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and thrombolytic effects; and in vivo antipyretic and analgesic properties of the methanol extract of A. montanum leaves in different experimental models. The extract exhibited secondary metabolites including alkaloids, flavonoids, flavanols, phytosterols, cholesterols, phenols, terpenoids, glycosides, fixed oils, emodines, coumarins, resins, and tannins. Besides, Pani heloch showed strong antioxidant activity (IC50 = 99.00 µg/mL), while a moderate percentage of clot lysis (31.56%) in human blood and significant anti-inflammatory activity (p < 0.001) was achieved with the standard. Moreover, the analgesic and antipyretic properties appeared to trigger a significant response (p < 0.001) relative to in the control group. Besides, an in silico study of carpusin revealed favorable protein-binding affinities. Furthermore, the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion, and toxicity analysis and toxicological properties of all isolated compounds adopted Lipinski’s rule of five for drug-like potential and level of toxicity. Our research unveiled that the methanol extract of A. montanum leaves exhibited secondary metabolites that are a good source for managing inflammation, pyrexia, pain, and cellular toxicity. Computational approaches and further studies are required to identify the possible mechanism which responsible for the biological effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Antidesma montanum; Pani heloch; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; thrombolytic; analgesic; antipyretic; ADME/T Antidesma montanum; Pani heloch; antioxidant; anti-inflammatory; thrombolytic; analgesic; antipyretic; ADME/T
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MDPI and ACS Style

Banu, N.; Alam, N.; Nazmul Islam, M.; Islam, S.; Sakib, S.A.; Hanif, N.B.; Chowdhury, M.R.; Tareq, A.M.; Hasan Chowdhury, K.; Jahan, S.; Azad, A.; Emran, T.B.; Simal-Gandara, J. Insightful Valorization of the Biological Activities of Pani Heloch Leaves through Experimental and Computer-Aided Mechanisms. Molecules 2020, 25, 5153. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25215153

AMA Style

Banu N, Alam N, Nazmul Islam M, Islam S, Sakib SA, Hanif NB, Chowdhury MR, Tareq AM, Hasan Chowdhury K, Jahan S, Azad A, Emran TB, Simal-Gandara J. Insightful Valorization of the Biological Activities of Pani Heloch Leaves through Experimental and Computer-Aided Mechanisms. Molecules. 2020; 25(21):5153. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25215153

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banu, Naureen; Alam, Najmul; Nazmul Islam, Mohammad; Islam, Sanjida; Sakib, Shahenur A.; Hanif, Nujhat B.; Chowdhury, Md. R.; Tareq, Abu M.; Hasan Chowdhury, Kamrul; Jahan, Shamima; Azad, Afrina; Emran, Talha B.; Simal-Gandara, Jesus. 2020. "Insightful Valorization of the Biological Activities of Pani Heloch Leaves through Experimental and Computer-Aided Mechanisms" Molecules 25, no. 21: 5153. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25215153

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