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Review

Phenolic Compounds in Poorly Represented Mediterranean Plants in Istria: Health Impacts and Food Authentication

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Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, Glagoljaška 8, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Primorska, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia
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InnoRenew CoE, Livade 6, 6310 Izola, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Nives Ogrinc and Federica Camin
Molecules 2020, 25(16), 3645; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25163645
Received: 10 July 2020 / Revised: 6 August 2020 / Accepted: 6 August 2020 / Published: 10 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Isotopic Techniques for Food Science)
Phenolic compounds are well-known bioactive compounds in plants that can have a protective role against cancers, cardiovascular diseases and many other diseases. To promote local food development, a comprehensive overview of the phenolic compounds’ composition and their impact on human health from typical Mediterranean plants such as Punica granatum L., Ziziphus jujuba Mill., Arbutus unedo L., Celtis australis L., Ficus carica L., Cynara cardunculus var. Scolymus L. is provided. Moreover, the potential use of these data for authenticity determination is discussed. Some of the plants’ phenolic compounds and their impact to human health are very well determined, while for others, the data are scarce. However, in all cases, more data should be available about the content, profile and health impacts due to a high variation of phenolic compounds depending on genetic and environmental factors. Quantifying variation in phenolic compounds in plants relative to genetic and environmental factors could be a useful tool in food authentication control. More comprehensive studies should be conducted to better understand the importance of phenolic compounds on human health and their variation in certain plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: phenolic compound; food authentication technique; health impacts; Punica granatum L.; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.; Arbutus unedo L.; Celtis australis L.; Ficus carica L.; Cynara cardunculus var. Scolymus L. phenolic compound; food authentication technique; health impacts; Punica granatum L.; Ziziphus jujuba Mill.; Arbutus unedo L.; Celtis australis L.; Ficus carica L.; Cynara cardunculus var. Scolymus L.
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MDPI and ACS Style

Miklavčič Višnjevec, A.; Schwarzkopf, M. Phenolic Compounds in Poorly Represented Mediterranean Plants in Istria: Health Impacts and Food Authentication. Molecules 2020, 25, 3645. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25163645

AMA Style

Miklavčič Višnjevec A, Schwarzkopf M. Phenolic Compounds in Poorly Represented Mediterranean Plants in Istria: Health Impacts and Food Authentication. Molecules. 2020; 25(16):3645. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25163645

Chicago/Turabian Style

Miklavčič Višnjevec, Ana, and Matthew Schwarzkopf. 2020. "Phenolic Compounds in Poorly Represented Mediterranean Plants in Istria: Health Impacts and Food Authentication" Molecules 25, no. 16: 3645. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25163645

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