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Extraction of Metal Ions with Metal–Organic Frameworks

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224 Warsaw, Poland
Institute of Chemical Technology and Analytics, Vienna University of Technology, 1060 Vienna, Austria
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Victoria Samanidou and Eleni Deliyanni
Molecules 2019, 24(24), 4605;
Received: 15 November 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 13 December 2019 / Published: 16 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal Organic Frameworks: Synthesis and Application)
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) are crystalline porous materials composed of metal ions or clusters coordinated with organic linkers. Due to their extraordinary properties such as high porosity with homogeneous and tunable in size pores/cages, as well as high thermal and chemical stability, MOFs have gained attention in diverse analytical applications. MOFs have been coupled with a wide variety of extraction techniques including solid-phase extraction (SPE), dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE), and magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) for the extraction and preconcentration of metal ions from complex matrices. The low concentration levels of metal ions in real samples including food samples, environmental samples, and biological samples, as well as the increased number of potentially interfering ions, make the determination of trace levels of metal ions still challenging. A wide variety of MOF materials have been employed for the extraction of metals from sample matrices prior to their determination with spectrometric techniques. View Full-Text
Keywords: MOFs; metals; extraction; sample preparation; microextraction; spectrometry; environmental samples; food samples; biological samples MOFs; metals; extraction; sample preparation; microextraction; spectrometry; environmental samples; food samples; biological samples
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manousi, N.; Giannakoudakis, D.A.; Rosenberg, E.; Zachariadis, G.A. Extraction of Metal Ions with Metal–Organic Frameworks. Molecules 2019, 24, 4605.

AMA Style

Manousi N, Giannakoudakis DA, Rosenberg E, Zachariadis GA. Extraction of Metal Ions with Metal–Organic Frameworks. Molecules. 2019; 24(24):4605.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manousi, Natalia, Dimitrios A. Giannakoudakis, Erwin Rosenberg, and George A. Zachariadis. 2019. "Extraction of Metal Ions with Metal–Organic Frameworks" Molecules 24, no. 24: 4605.

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