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Open AccessArticle

Essential Oil from Arnica Montana L. Achenes: Chemical Characteristics and Anticancer Activity

1
Department of Industrial and Medicinal Plants, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 15 Akademicka Street, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
2
Department of Botany, Mycology and Ecology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 19 Akademicka Street, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
3
Department of Functional Anatomy and Cytobiology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 19 Akademicka Street, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
4
Department of Cell Biology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, 19 Akademicka Street, 20-033 Lublin, Poland
5
Department of Analysis and Evaluation of Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, 8 Skromna Street, 20-704 Lublin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Valtcho Jeliazkov
Molecules 2019, 24(22), 4158; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224158
Received: 20 October 2019 / Revised: 3 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 16 November 2019
Mountain arnica Arnica montana L. is a source of several metabolite classes with diverse biological activities. The chemical composition of essential oil and its major volatile components in arnica may vary depending on the geographical region, environmental factors, and plant organ. The objective of this study was to characterize the chemical composition of essential oil derived from A. montana achenes and to investigate its effect on induction of apoptosis and autophagy in human anaplastic astrocytoma MOGGCCM and glioblastoma multiforme T98G cell lines. The chemical composition of essential oil extracted from the achenes was examined with the use of Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry GC-MS. Only 16 components of the essential oil obtained from the achenes of 3-year-old plants and 18 components in the essential oil obtained from the achenes of 4-year-old plants constituted ca. 94.14% and 96.38% of the total EO content, respectively. The main components in the EO from the arnica achenes were 2,5-dimethoxy-p-cymene (39.54 and 44.65%), cumene (13.24 and 10.71%), thymol methyl ether (8.66 and 8.63%), 2,6-diisopropylanisole (8.55 and 8.41%), decanal (7.31 and 6.28%), and 1,2,2,3-tetramethylcyclopent-3-enol (4.33 and 2.94%) in the 3- and 4-year-old plants, respectively. The essential oils were found to exert an anticancer effect by induction of cell death in anaplastic astrocytoma and glioblastoma multiforme cells. The induction of apoptosis at a level of 25.7–32.7% facilitates the use of this secondary metabolite in further studies focused on the development of glioma therapy in the future. Probably, this component plays a key role in the anticancer activity against the MOGGCCM and T98G cell lines. The present study is the first report on the composition and anticancer activities of essential oil from A. montana achenes, and further studies are required to explore its potential for future medicinal purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: Arnica montana L.; achenes; essential oil composition; anticancer activity activity; MOGGCCM and T98G cell lines Arnica montana L.; achenes; essential oil composition; anticancer activity activity; MOGGCCM and T98G cell lines
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sugier, D.; Sugier, P.; Jakubowicz-Gil, J.; Winiarczyk, K.; Kowalski, R. Essential Oil from Arnica Montana L. Achenes: Chemical Characteristics and Anticancer Activity. Molecules 2019, 24, 4158. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224158

AMA Style

Sugier D, Sugier P, Jakubowicz-Gil J, Winiarczyk K, Kowalski R. Essential Oil from Arnica Montana L. Achenes: Chemical Characteristics and Anticancer Activity. Molecules. 2019; 24(22):4158. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224158

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sugier, Danuta; Sugier, Piotr; Jakubowicz-Gil, Joanna; Winiarczyk, Krystyna; Kowalski, Radosław. 2019. "Essential Oil from Arnica Montana L. Achenes: Chemical Characteristics and Anticancer Activity" Molecules 24, no. 22: 4158. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24224158

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