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Molecules 2018, 23(8), 1844; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23081844

From Plant Compounds to Botanicals and Back: A Current Snapshot

CREA-Research Centre for Food and Nutrition, 00178 Rome, Italy
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Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 4 July 2018 / Revised: 20 July 2018 / Accepted: 21 July 2018 / Published: 24 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extractable and Non-Extractable Antioxidants)
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Abstract

This work aims at giving an updated picture of the strict interaction between main plant biologically active compounds and botanicals. The main features of the emerging class of dietary supplements, the botanicals, are highlighted. Focus is also on the definition of actual possibilities of study approach and research strategies. Examples of innovative directions are given: assessment of interaction of bioactive compounds, chemometrics and the new goal of biorefineries. Current models of existing databases, such as plant metabolic pathways, food composition, bioactive compounds, dietary supplements, and dietary markers, are described as usable tools for health research. The need for categorization of botanicals as well as for the implementation of specific and dedicated databases emerged, based on both analytical data and collected data taken from literature throughout a harmonized and standardized approach for the evaluation of an adequate dietary intake. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary supplements; botanicals; bioactive compounds; antioxidants; study approach; integrated food research; dedicated databases; dietary assessment. dietary supplements; botanicals; bioactive compounds; antioxidants; study approach; integrated food research; dedicated databases; dietary assessment.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Durazzo, A.; D’Addezio, L.; Camilli, E.; Piccinelli, R.; Turrini, A.; Marletta, L.; Marconi, S.; Lucarini, M.; Lisciani, S.; Gabrielli, P.; Gambelli, L.; Aguzzi, A.; Sette, S. From Plant Compounds to Botanicals and Back: A Current Snapshot. Molecules 2018, 23, 1844.

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