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Molecules 2018, 23(12), 3311; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123311

Phyto-Mediated Photo Catalysed Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Durio Zibethinus Seed Extract: Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Activity and Photocatalytic Applications

1
Faculty of Applied Science, AIMST University, Semeling 8100, Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia
2
Faculty of Engineering, The University of Nottingham, Semenyih 43500, Selangor, Malaysia
3
Department of Pharmacy Practice, KMCH College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore 641035, India
4
Faculty of Pharmacy, AIMST University, Semeling 8100, Bedong, Kedah, Malaysia
5
School of Bioprocess Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Arau 02600, Perlis, Malaysia
6
Department of Biological Engineering, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
7
SLT Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur 495009, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 December 2018 / Published: 13 December 2018
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Abstract

In the present study, we have developed a green approach for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (DSAgNPs) using aqueous extract of Durio zibethinus seed and determined its antibacterial, photocatalytic and cytotoxic effects. Surface plasmon resonance confirmed the formation of DSAgNPs with a maximum absorbance (λmax) of 420 nm. SEM and TEM images revealed DSAgNPs were spherical and rod shaped, with a size range of 20 nm and 75 nm. The zeta potential was found to be −15.41 mV. XRD and EDX analyses confirmed the nature and presence of Ag and AgCl. DSAgNPs showed considerable antibacterial activity, exhibited better cytotoxicity against brine shrimp, and shown better photocatalytic activity against methylene blue. Based on the present research work, it can be concluded that DSAgNPs could be used in the field of water treatment, pharmaceuticals, biomedicine, biosensor and nanotechnology in near future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Durio zibethinus seed; green synthesis; silver; nanoparticles; antibacterial; cytotoxicity Durio zibethinus seed; green synthesis; silver; nanoparticles; antibacterial; cytotoxicity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Sumitha, S.; Vasanthi, S.; Shalini, S.; Chinni, S.V.; Gopinath, S.C.; Anbu, P.; Bahari, M.B.; Harish, R.; Kathiresan, S.; Ravichandran, V. Phyto-Mediated Photo Catalysed Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Durio Zibethinus Seed Extract: Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Activity and Photocatalytic Applications. Molecules 2018, 23, 3311.

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