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Open AccessArticle

Chromatographic Analyses, In Vitro Biological Activities, and Cytotoxicity of Cannabis sativa L. Essential Oil: A Multidisciplinary Study

1
Department of Biology, Science Faculty, Selcuk University, 42130 Konya, Turkey
2
Department of Pharmacy, University “G. d’Annunzio” of Chieti-Pescara, 66100 Chieti, Italy
3
Department of Physiology and Pharmacology “V. Erspamer”, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
5
Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Chirurgiche ed Odontoiatriche, University of Milan, 20122 Milan, Italy
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Dipartimento di Chimica e Tecnologie del Farmaco, Sapienza Università di Roma, 00185 Rome, Italy
7
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
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CeSI-MeT Centro Scienze dell’Invecchiamento e Medicina Traslazionale, Center of Aging Sciences and Translational Medicine, 66100 Chieti, Italy
9
Department of Clinical Microbiology and Virology, Spirito Santo Hospital Pescara, 65124 Pescara, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2018, 23(12), 3266; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23123266
Received: 14 November 2018 / Revised: 6 December 2018 / Accepted: 8 December 2018 / Published: 10 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Active Agents Against Bacteria, Fungi and Parasites)
Due to renewed interest in the cultivation and production of Italian Cannabis sativa L., we proposed a multi-methodological approach to explore chemically and biologically both the essential oil and the aromatic water of this plant. We reported the chemical composition in terms of cannabinoid content, volatile component, phenolic and flavonoid pattern, and color characteristics. Then, we demonstrated the ethnopharmacological relevance of this plant cultivated in Italy as a source of antioxidant compounds toward a large panel of enzymes (pancreatic lipase, α-amylase, α-glucosidase, and cholinesterases) and selected clinically relevant, multidrug-sensible, and multidrug-resistant microbial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Helicobacter pylori, Candida, and Malassezia spp.), evaluating the cytotoxic effects against normal and malignant cell lines. Preliminary in vivo cytotoxicity was also performed on Galleria mellonella larvae. The results corroborate the use of this natural product as a rich source of important biologically active molecules with particular emphasis on the role exerted by naringenin, one of the most important secondary metabolites. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cannabis sativa L.; chromatographic analysis; essential oil; antimicrobial activity; cancer cell cytotoxicity; naringenin; biofilm; antioxidant activity; Galleria mellonella Cannabis sativa L.; chromatographic analysis; essential oil; antimicrobial activity; cancer cell cytotoxicity; naringenin; biofilm; antioxidant activity; Galleria mellonella
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Zengin, G.; Menghini, L.; Di Sotto, A.; Mancinelli, R.; Sisto, F.; Carradori, S.; Cesa, S.; Fraschetti, C.; Filippi, A.; Angiolella, L.; Locatelli, M.; Mannina, L.; Ingallina, C.; Puca, V.; D’Antonio, M.; Grande, R. Chromatographic Analyses, In Vitro Biological Activities, and Cytotoxicity of Cannabis sativa L. Essential Oil: A Multidisciplinary Study. Molecules 2018, 23, 3266.

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