Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Pentaherbs formula and Its Influence on Gut Microbiota in Allergic Asthma
AbstractAllergic asthma is a highly prevalent airway inflammatory disease, which involves the interaction between the immune system, environmental and genetic factors. Co-relation between allergic asthma and gut microbiota upon the change of diet have been widely reported, implicating that oral intake of alternative medicines possess a potential in the management of allergic asthma. Previous clinical, in vivo, and in vitro studies have shown that the Pentaherbs formula (PHF) comprising five traditional Chinese herbal medicines Lonicerae Flos, Menthae Herba, Phellodendri Cortex, Moutan Cortex, and Atractylodis Rhizoma possesses an anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory potential through suppressing various immune effector cells. In the present study, to further investigate the anti-inflammatory activities of PHF in allergic asthma, intragastrical administration of PHF was found to reduce airway hyperresponsiveness, airway wall remodeling and goblet cells hyperplasia in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced allergic asthma mice model. PHF also significantly suppressed pulmonary eosinophilia and asthma-related cytokines IL-4 and IL-33 in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. In addition, PHF modulated the splenic regulatory T cells population, up-regulated regulatory interleukin (IL)-10 in serum, altered the microbial community structure and the short chain fatty acids content in the gut of the asthmatic mice. This study sheds light on the anti-inflammatory activities of PHF on allergic asthma. It also provides novel in vivo evidence that herbal medicines can ameliorate symptoms of allergic diseases may potentially prevent the development of subsequent atopic disorder such as allergic asthma through the influence of the gut microbiota. View Full-Text
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Tsang, M. .-M.; Cheng, S.-W.; Zhu, J.; Atli, K.; Chan, B. .-L.; Liu, D.; Chan, H. .-T.; Sun, X.; Chu, I. .-T.; Hon, K.-L.; Lam, C. .-K.; Shaw, P.-C.; Leung, P.-C.; Wong, C.-K. Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Pentaherbs formula and Its Influence on Gut Microbiota in Allergic Asthma. Molecules 2018, 23, 2776.
Tsang M -M, Cheng S-W, Zhu J, Atli K, Chan B -L, Liu D, Chan H -T, Sun X, Chu I -T, Hon K-L, Lam C -K, Shaw P-C, Leung P-C, Wong C-K. Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Pentaherbs formula and Its Influence on Gut Microbiota in Allergic Asthma. Molecules. 2018; 23(11):2776.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tsang, Miranda .-M.; Cheng, Sau-Wan; Zhu, Jing; Atli, Karam; Chan, Ben .-L.; Liu, Dehua; Chan, Helen .-T.; Sun, Xiaoyu; Chu, Ida .-T.; Hon, Kam-Lun; Lam, Christopher .-K.; Shaw, Pang-Chui; Leung, Ping-Chung; Wong, Chun-Kwok. 2018. "Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Pentaherbs formula and Its Influence on Gut Microbiota in Allergic Asthma." Molecules 23, no. 11: 2776.
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